Infanzones

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Infanzones

 

members of the middle and petty nobility in Castile and Aragon from the tenth to the 15th century. As a caste they came into being during the early stages of the Reconquista and became a significant force during the 11th and 12th centuries. They were not subject to taxation but were obliged to serve in the king’s forces. The kings of Castile and Aragon, in an effort to curtail the power of the nobility, willingly incorporated townspeople into the infanzones. On the territory that Spain recaptured from the Arabs, it was frequently the colonists from the northern areas of Spain who became infanzones. During the 13th through 15th centuries the term (title) infanzones gradually went out of use, and “hidalgo” became the term for anyone with knightly rank.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A aquellos hidalgos de la extremadura o zona de frontera que podian identificarse con sus capitanes, a esos infanzones [...]; a los habitantes de a pie de los concejos fronterizos, a esos peones innominados que tras una incursion afortunada podian hacerse caballeros y hasta adquirir un nombre, ?quien les hubiera persuadido de que Rodrigo Diaz habia arrasado La Rioja en venganza personal y de otras lindezas porel estilo?
[...] the infanzones or hidalgos of Castile or the caballers of Catalonia were immensely proud of their legal privileges, their tax exemptions, and their military activities-but they remained mere country squires who found it hard to maintain their status" (268).