artery

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artery,

blood vessel that conveys blood away from the heartheart,
muscular organ that pumps blood to all parts of the body. The rhythmic beating of the heart is a ceaseless activity, lasting from before birth to the end of life. Anatomy and Function

The human heart is a pear-shaped structure about the size of a fist.
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. Except for the pulmonary artery, which carries deoxygenated blood from the heart to the lungs, arteries carry oxygenated blood from the heart to the tissues. The largest arterial trunk is the aortaaorta
, primary artery of the circulatory system in mammals, delivering oxygenated blood to all other arteries except those of the lungs. The human aorta, c.1 in. (2.54 cm) in diameter, originates at the left ventricle of the heart.
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, branches of which divide and subdivide into ever-smaller tubes, or arterioles, until they terminate as minute capillariescapillary
, microscopic blood vessel, smallest unit of the circulatory system. Capillaries form a network of tiny tubes throughout the body, connecting arterioles (smallest arteries) and venules (smallest veins).
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, the latter connecting with the veinsvein,
blood vessel that returns blood to the heart. Except for the pulmonary vein, which carries oxygenated blood from the lungs to the heart, veins carry deoxygenated blood. The oxygen-depleted blood passes from the capillaries to the venules (small veins).
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 (see circulatory systemcirculatory system,
group of organs that transport blood and the substances it carries to and from all parts of the body. The circulatory system can be considered as composed of two parts: the systemic circulation, which serves the body as a whole except for the lungs, and the
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). Other important arteries are the subclavian and brachial arteries of the shoulder and arm, the carotid arteries that lead to the head, the coronary arteries that nourish the heart itself, and the iliac and femoral arteries of the abdomen and lower extremities. The walls of the large arteries have three layers: a tough elastic outer coat, a layer of muscular tissue, and a smooth, thin inner coat. Arterial walls expand and contract with each heartbeat, pumping blood throughout the body. The pulsating movement of blood, or pulsepulse,
alternate expansion and contraction of artery walls as heart action varies blood volume within the arteries. Artery walls are elastic. Hence they become distended by increased blood volume during systole, or contraction of the heart.
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, may be felt where the large arteries lie near the body surface.

artery

[′ärd·ə·rē]
(anatomy)
A vascular tube that carries blood away from the heart.

artery

any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the body
References in periodicals archive ?
Sanchez and Helmy reported two cases of the perforation of the inferior epigastric artery during cardiac catheterization.
The superficial inferior epigastric artery (SIEA) is a branch of the proximal femoral artery arising 2-3 cm below the inguinal ligament.
7 (50%), common femoral artery in 2 (14.3%) cases, common carotid artery in 2 (14.3%) cases, popliteal artery in 1 (7.1%) brachial artery in 1 (7.1%) and inferior epigastric artery in 1 (7.1%) case.
There was only right side anastomosis between right internal thoracic artery and right inferior epigastric artery. In a patient with aortoiliac occlusive disease the lower extremity arterial flow is dependent on these arteries and such a condition can cause lower extremity claudication [11].
In the case where inferior epigastric artery had to be ligated due to dense adhesions (case number 3), no adverse postoperative outcome was noted.
In: Walsh PC, Retik AB, Vaughan anastomosis of accessories renal artery to inferior epigastric artery in management of multiple arteries in live related renal transplantation: a critical appraisal.
This can be achieved by division of the deep inferior epigastric artery approximately 10 to 14 days prior to reconstruction, resulting in increased vessel diameter of the superior epigastric artery.
The latter two reports describe rectus sheath hematomas due to enoxaparin, one of which even to the extent that required coil embolization of the inferior epigastric artery for controlling the bleeding (2).
Inferior epigastric artery skin flaps without rectus abdominis muscle.
Second most common has been the superficial inferior epigastric artery flap, followed by the gluteal artery perforator flap, which Dr.
We plan vertical rectus abdominis myocutaneous (VRAM) flap based on inferior epigastric artery. It was not possible to elevate flap on the same side rectus muscle.
It goes just under the obturator nerve and anastomoses with the inferior epigastric artery or external iliac artery via the pubic branch (corona mortis); in the pelvis, the obturator artery gives rise to the pubic branch it leaves the pelvis from the obturator foramen (4).

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