Jizya

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Jizya

 

a poll tax paid by the non-Muslim population in the Arabian Caliphate and then in other Muslim states. The jizyawas levied on men who had reached their majority; women, children, old men, slaves, poor people, and monks were exempted. Payment was made mainly in money but also in kind. In the Ottoman Empire thejizya existed until the end of the 18th century, when it was merged with the haraj.

REFERENCE

“Djizya.” In Encyclopédic de I Islam, 2nd ed., vol. 2. Leiden-Pairs, 1965. Pages 573-81.