infinitive

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Related to Infinitive phrase: prepositional phrase, Infinitive verb

infinitive

An infinitive is the most basic form of a verb. It is “unmarked” (which means that it is not conjugated for tense or person), and it is preceded by the particle to.
Infinitives are known as non-finite verbs, meaning they do not express actions being performed by the subjects of clauses. Instead, infinitives function as nouns, adjectives, or adverbs to describe actions as ideas.
Infinitives are distinct from a similar construction known as bare infinitives or the base forms of verbs, which are simply infinitives without the particle to.
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infinitive:

see moodmood
or mode,
in verb inflection, the forms of a verb that indicate its manner of doing or being. In English the forms are called indicative (for direct statement or question or to express an uncertain condition, e.g.
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; tensetense
[O.Fr., from Lat.,=time], in the grammar of many languages, a category of time distinctions expressed by any conjugated form of a verb. In Latin inflection the tense of a verb is indicated by a suffix that also indicates the verb's voice, mood, person, and number.
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.

Infinitive

 

an indefinite form of the verb that can function syntactically as the substantive to provide the general name for an action or process, in many languages without reference to person, number, tense, or mood. It can have aspect, voice, and sometimes tense. A number of languages have various forms of the infinitive.

References in periodicals archive ?
An infinitive phrase is formed with to plus the base form of the verb, for example, to run.
Once we've eliminated prepositional and infinitive phrases, we can easily identify the true verb, hopes.
It may be helpful to bracket off prepositional phrases, infinitive phrases, and other words such as adjectives or adverbs that cannot be the subject or the verb.
Box out the infinitive phrase in each sentence below.
The subject of this sentence is the infinitive phrase To roast a turkey.
Did you remember to box out the infinitive phrase, to spoil?
Once we've boxed out prepositional and infinitive phrases, we can continue the three-step process by identifying the true verb, hopes, and the subject, Janine.