Inflected Language

Inflected Language

 

a fundamental concept in linguistic typology and the morphological classification of languages, referring to a language in which words are altered or formed chiefly by means of inflection. The concept was introduced in 1809 by F. Schlegel, who used it to describe the Semitic, Georgian, and several Indo-European languages.

Inflected languages are divided into two generally overlapping subclasses—those with internal and those with external inflection. External inflection, in contradistinction to affixation, is characterized by polysemy, as well as by fusion with the stem, which is expressed by alternation at the morpheme boundary. An example of polysemy may be found in the form ruk-oi (“by hand”), where the morpheme -oi indicates feminine gender, singular number, and the instrumental case. Internal inflection refers to positionally unconditioned vowel gradation within morphemes that has grammatical meaning, as in the German geht (“goes”), ging (“went”), der Gang (“a stroll”), or the Arabic thahab-a (“was walking”) and thihāb (“the process of walking”). The mechanism of internal inflection is particularly evident in the morphology of the verb, as in ablaut in German and the verb categories of the Semitic languages. Inflection is almost always combined with other formal modes of expressing meaning.

REFERENCES

Sapir, E. lazik. Moscow-Leningrad, 1934. (Translated from English.) Kuznetsov, P. S. Morfologicheskaia klassifikatsiia iazykov. Moscow, 1954.
Reformatskii, A. A. “Aggliutinatsiia i fuziia kak dve tendentsii grammaticheskogo stroeniia slova.” In the collection Morfologicheskaia tipologiia i problema klassifikatsii iazykov. Moscow-Leningrad, 1965.

M. A. ZHURINSKAIA

References in periodicals archive ?
It has been tested on Catalan, Portuguese, and Russian, and can be applied to any inflected language.
Because Greek is an inflected language, poets writing in it have more syntactical freedom than is permissible in English.
Among the gains: the disambiguation of an inflected language (we can't see from Keeley and Sherrard that it is the gulls in the opening poem, not the leaves, which are driven wild) and the chance to create unobtrusive glosses on those Greek words and phrases whose obvious English equivalents simply don't seem to resound.
In the eyes of al-Sijzi, this proposition covers up a problematic which he tries to elicit in the rather inflected language of Islamic Aristotelian philosophy.
Since the Croatian language is highly inflected language it was not a trivial task.
However, thanks to the work of our in-house native speakers, consultants and the patented T9 compression technology, the resulting database is very efficient despite the complexities of this inflected language," said Pim van Meurs, Director of Linguistics at Tegic Communications.
for both black and white American writers, in a wholly racialized society, there is no escape from racially inflected language, and the work writers do to unhobble the imagination from the demands of that language is complicated, interesting, and definitive" (12-13).
Inflected languages may have a nominative inflection which has a marker which indicates the part of speech the noun fulfills.
We serve global customers, so our products must handle the complexities and irregularities of highly inflected languages such as German and French," said Bruce Duff, vice president of marketing at Information Dimensions.
Studies of morphology in inflected languages or of rhyme can benefit from a reverse index where words are alphabetized according to their endings.