As most of the Finnic population from Western Ingria
was deported to Finland during the Second World War, most of the speakers had some experience in the Finnish language.
The Swedish government was prepared to concede occupied Karelia and Ingria
to Russia for 4 million riksdaler (initially the Swedish side had insisted on payment of 7 million riksdaler).
During the Swedish reign in Ingria
(from Narva at the present Estonian-Russian border up to Lake Ladoga, mainly in the 17th century) the area was settled by Finns who until recently formed a Finnish speaking minority, inkerilaiset, in the Leningrad Oblast' including the area east of Narva river that the Estonian SSR had to cede to the RSFSR in 1944-1945.
The situation is quite different in Ingria
and especially in Setu, where lamenting has become quite lyrical over time, and laments for the dead possibly also less bound to the stages of the ritual.
Gustavus Adolphus had forced European monarchs to accept this ruler of a remote northern land as an equal and had established the basis of an empire which by 1697 embraced Sweden, Finland, Lapland, Karelia, Ingria
, Estonia, Livonia, as well as Western Pomerania and the port of Wismar in the western Baltic and the bishoprics of Bremen and Verden, facing the North Sea.
But the Evangelical Lutheran Church of Ingria
in Russia recorded a 25 per cent membership increase or 3,000 new members to reach 15,000.
The studied area, northern Estonia and Ingria
(the old province of the St.
Udre, Tax and Customs: "answers fell somewhat short of a comprehensive vision" "was acceptable for the position"
"Liberty City," director, Robert Michael Ingria
; cast, Bobby Brown, Mikhi Phifer, Glenn Plummer.
Born in 1661; appointed table steward to the future Czar Peter I (1682), he took part in Peter's martial games and soon developed a lasting friendship with him; governor of Arkhangelsk (1692); as governor of Azov he undertook the construction of a naval flotilla on the Black Sea, also establishing shipyard and harbor facilities (1700); promoted admiral and commander of the Baltic Fleet, which effectively made him Russia's supreme naval commander (1707); repulsed a Swedish attempt to invade Ingria
(Leningrad region) (1708), thus saving St.
In the paper, the main focus will be on the Finnic languages of historical Ingria
(currently the vicinity of St.
The topics of these and other letters include orders for goods (building and naval supplies, oats, fragrant grasses and flowers, tobacco, a map of Ingria
), the dispatch of personnel (apothecaries, bricklayers, and laborers, with frequent references to the shortage [nekhvatok] of workers), Swedish military operations around the fort at Kantsy (Nienskans), the comings and goings of friendly vessels (e.g., the arrival of an English ship in July 1704: see nos.