Ingrians


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Ingrians

 

(Izhora, Izhortsy), a small group of people living in the Lomonosov and Kingisepp raions, Leningrad Oblast. In ancient times, Izhora Land, the territory settled by the Ingrians, was part of Novgorod the Great. Until the early 20th century, the Ingrians preserved their own language (a language of the Finnic branch) and several distinctive features of their material and spiritual culture (for example, clothing, food, and dwellings). They now speak Russian (the older generation also speaks the Ingrian language). Their culture and way of life is almost indistinguishable from that of the surrounding Russian population. Ingrians who adhere to a religious faith are members of the Orthodox Church. The Ingrians are engaged primarily in agriculture; however, some are employed in industry.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Ingrians also had contact with the Russian population but it seems that Soikkola Ingrian was less influenced by Russian than Votic.
The core of the research are the wordlists for three minor varieties: a dialect of the Votic language, and two dialects of the Ingrian language.
The inner and a Southern part of the Gulf of Finland were populated by Finno-Ugric ethnic groups, Votians and Ingrians, which are more or less extinct as ethnic groups.
Most of the "New Russians" are ethnic Finns and Ingrians and their family members.
We also owe our thanks to Estonian Baltic Germans, Russians, Ingrians, Jews, Latvians, and people of many other ethnicities who lived here and who did not spare themselves in the fight for one common Estonia," he added.
The single biggest identifiable group is Russians of Finnish ancestry (Ingrians and Karelians).
The existing special regime for the immigration of Ingrians is to be phased out.
A second research group could work with Russian researchers to establish the fate of Ingrians who were returned to the Soviet Union, Ylikangas said.
Finland, small though it may be, had aspirations toward a Greater Finland, a union encompassing the Ingrians, Vepsians, and Karelians subdued within the great Soviet Empire.
After 1944, the area on the eastern bank of the Narva River, earlier populated mainly by Finns, Ingrians and Russians, has belonged to Russia.
The Finnish president spoke at the ceremony, saying that although the Ingrians have been given the option to emigrate to Finland, many of them will prefer to live in their home region and therefore it is natural for Finns to help them in Russia, too.
We have selected Speaker 1 as a typical representative of contemporary Ingrians, who clearly opposes the two types of geminates, and measured the duration of segments in the whole set of recorded test words (altogether 174 words).