Inguinal Canal

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Related to Inguinal Canal: inguinal hernia, femoral canal

inguinal canal

[′iŋ·gwən·əl kə′nal]
A short, narrow passage between the abdominal ring and the inguinal ring in which lies the spermatic cord in males and the round ligament in females.

Inguinal Canal


a slanting, narrow passage between the muscles of the lower part of the abdominal wall in humans and most mammals. In man the inguinal canal has two openings: the superficial inguinal ring, which is near the pubis, and the deep inguinal ring, which is covered and which lies on the inner surface of the anterior wall of the stomach. The length is 4–5 cm, and the width 1–2.5 cm. The inguinal canal is the passageway for the spermatic cord in males and for the round ligament of the uterus in females. A predisposition to herniation may result from weakness in the abdominal wall and dilation of the openings of the inguinal canal.

References in periodicals archive ?
A testis in the inguinal canal may also be subjected to blunt traumatic injury by compression against the pubic bone.
The most common region to be dislocated to is the superficial inguinal area [2, 9], and dislocations to the deep inguinal canal and the abdominal cavity have been reported as well [2, 10].
Caption: Figure 1: Ultrasound scan demonstrating an infiltration of the inguinal canal fat.
If located closer to the internal ring of the inguinal canal, the UDT is considered low-level because the testis has already achieved some descent.
The traditional orchidopexy is a two-incision procedure which involves identification separation and ligation of the inguinal canal contents and placement of the testis in the scrotum.
First, the testis may be above the inguinal canal and inside the abdominal cavity.
After opening the abdomen, testis location in the abdominal cavity and inguinal canal and time of migration unto scrotal sac and the time sink it into the scrotal sac were observed and recorded.
At this point the gubernaculum undergoes rapid expansion which pulls the testis toward the entrance of the inguinal canal (Figure 4-13a).
There is certainly an anatomical basis to the development of an inguinal hernia, relating to the inguinal canal and the descent of the testicle at birth, and man's upright posture.