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(ĭng'go͞oshĕt`ēə, –shē`shə) or

Ingush Republic

(ĭngo͞osh`), republic, c.1,240 sq mi (3,210 sq km), Russian Federation, in the N Caucasus. The capital (since 2003) is Magas, a new city in the suburbs of Nazran, the former capital. Ingushetia comprises roughly the western fifth of the former Chechen-Ingush Republic (see ChechnyaChechnya
or Chechen Republic
, republic (1990 est. pop. 1,300,000, with neighboring Ingushetia), c.6,100 sq mi (15,800 sq km), SE European Russia, in the N Caucasus. Grozny is the capital. Prior to 1992 Chechnya and Ingushetia comprised the Checheno-Ingush Republic.
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). The republic of Georgia lies to the south, across the Caucasus, and North Ossetia-Alania lies to the north and west. Farming, cattle raising, and horticulture are key occupations. The Ingush are Sunni Muslims and speak a Caucasian language.

The Ingush migrated from the Caucasus Mts. into the plains from the 16th cent. Long grouped with the Chechens, they were granted autonomy as the Ingush Region in 1924 but joined in the Chechen-Ingush Autonomous Region in 1934. Many Ingush, along with Chechens, were deported into Central Asia in 1944 after collaborating with invading German forces during World War II; in 1956 the deportees were repatriated.

After Chechnya declared independence (1991), Ingushetia gained de facto separate status as a republic (formalized in 1992). The republic has suffered from political violence arising from an Islamist-tinged insurgency and government repression; in 2009 there was an assassination attempt on the region's president. The fighting in Chechnya occasionally has spilled over into Ingushetia, and there have been tensions with Chechnya, including disputes over territory. Also in 1992, violence in an Ingush-dominated district of neighboring North Ossetia-Alania (see OssetiaOssetia
or Alania
, Ossetian Iryston, region of the central Caucasus, divided between the Republic of Georgia and the Russian Federation. On the northern slope is North Ossetia-Alania (1990 est. pop.
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) drove many refugees into Ingushetia; the Ossetian district involved was officially Ingush territory prior to World War II, and remains a source of tension between the two republics.

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References in periodicals archive ?
Monday s bombing in Ingushetia came exactly a week after twin suicide attacks in the Moscow metro raised concerns of a new wave of strikes by militants from the North Caucasus against major Russian cities.
An upsurge in violence in Ingushetia, Chechnya and neighbouring Dagestan in recent months has alarmed the Kremlin, nearly a decade after government forces defeated Chechen separatists in the second of two devastating wars.
The Kremlin will surely watch the two presidents closely but their main interest will be to continue the repression of Chechen resistance that has drawn support from Ingushetia. Despite the unexpected effects of the economic downturn, Russia currently still feels strong enough to crush the rebellion and help Kadyrov rebuild the country.
The Commissioner recalled among other things that "people displaced by the conflict in Chechnya should be allowed to stay in Ingushetia if they do not want to return yet.
The Republic of Ingushetia is planning to explore investment opportunities for the establishment of food and agriculture manufacturing facilities in Qatar, the country's economic minister said.
The suicide bomb attack occurred in the Malgobek district in northwest Ingushetia at a funeral of the policeman who was killed in a shootout with militants on Saturday.
Earlier this week, Russian news agencies, citing law-enforcement sources, said Alexander Tikhomirov, also known as Said Buryatsky, was killed Tuesday in a gun battle near Nazran, Ingushetia s largest town.
"A gun battle is currently under way with remaining members of this armed group," a spokesman for the Ingushetia branch of the FSB was quoted by Interfax news agency as saying.
Attacks were also reported elsewhere in Ingushetia.
Riyadh, Safar 1, 1438, Nov 1, 2016, SPA -- Crown Prince Mohammed bin Naif bin Abdulaziz, Deputy Premier and Minister of Interior, held here today a dinner banquet in honor of President of the Republic of Ingushetia Yunus-bek Yevkurov.
NAZRAN: Russian Security forces said on Friday they had killed at least 20 insurgents in the Ingushetia region of the North Caucasus where Moscow faces a rebel challenge to control of its mainly Muslim southern flank.
At least one person has been killed after a bomb was detonated at a police checkpoint in the southern Russian region of Ingushetia.