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Related to Inhalation: inhalation therapy


The process of breathing in.



a method of introducing medicinal substances into the body by means of inhaling. The medicinal substances are used in the form of vapor, gas, or aerosols (fumes and aqueous or oily mist). Special inhalers create the proper degree of disintegration of substances (the smaller the particles, the deeper they penetrate into the respiratory tract); the steam or compressed air draws the medicine into its stream and atomizes it. The medicinal substance enters the respiratory tract through a cone or mask that covers the nose and mouth. The temperature of the inhaled vapor is about 45°C. Inhalers may be stationary or portable.

Alkalis, dissolved sulfamide preparations, antibiotics, and other medications are introduced by the inhalation method. Inhalation is prescribed predominantly in inflammatory diseases of the respiratory organs. Oily inhalation (most often of vegetable oil with menthol) is used for therapeutic and prophylactic purposes; a thin, oily film is formed on the mucosa of the upper respiratory tract, which inhibits absorption of various toxic substances and promotes their expectoration. Inhalatoriums are created to provide inhalation procedures for large groups (for example, workers in chemical and cement plants, miners). Inhalation of medicinal substances is called artificial inhalation, and breathing healthful sea, forest, or mountain air is called natural inhalation.


Eidel’shtein, S. I. Osnovy aerozol’terapii. Moscow, 1967.


References in periodicals archive ?
Clearly the size of the particle is pivotal for inhalation studies in ensuring effective lung deposition.
KEYWORDS: Intravenous propofol and midazolam sedation, Nitrous oxide inhalation, Transnasal gastroscopy.
Group B: Patients prescribed inhalation device for the first time (without any previous experience with inhalation devices).
Our findings reveal that there were profound effects of water pipe smoking on lung function values, which were similar to the effects observed in deep inhalation cigarette smokers," he concluded.
Inhalation lactose is subject to a number of tests not normally applied to other lactose grades.
Leukoencephalopathy and raised brain lactate from heroin vapor Inhalation ("chasing the dragon").
Previous data have shown BIS to be stable chemically and compatible physically when administered simultaneously with respiratory medications, including albuterol sulfate inhalation solution (Proventil[R]; Schering Corporation, Kenilworth, NJ), ipratropium bromide inhalation solution (Atrovent[R]; Boehringer Ingelheim Pharmaceuticals Inc, Ridgefield, CT), and levalbuterol inhalation solution.
The finding is in contrast to previous literature suggesting that inhalation toxicity was rare, said Dr.
Ventaira Pharmaceuticals, Columbus, Ohio, specialty pharmaceutical company focused on developing pharmaceutical products for inhalation by utilizing its novel proprietary electrohydrodynamic (EHD) aerosolization technology and formulation technologies to improve the profiles of new or existing drugs, announced today that it has signed a manufacturing agreement with Nypro Inc.
The Foradil Aerolizer (formoterol inhalation powder), a long-acting, selective [beta]2 adrenoreceptor agonist manufactured by Novartis Pharmaceuticals Corp.
The Medicare Prescription Drug, Improvement, and Modernization Act of 2003 (MMA) revised the payment formula for most of the outpatient drugs, including inhalation therapy drugs, covered under Medicare part B.