Inhibitor


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inhibitor

[in′hib·əd·ər]
(aerospace engineering)
A substance bonded, taped, or dip-dried onto a solid propellant to restrict the burning surface and to give direction to the burning process.
(chemistry)
A substance which is capable of stopping or retarding a chemical reaction; to be technically useful, it must be effective in low concentration.

Inhibitor

 

a circuit having m + n inputs and a single output, at which a signal can appear only when there are no signals on the m inputs (inhibiting). The other n inputs (principal) form one of the two logic connections, “AND” or “OR.” Inhibitors are used extensively in computers. They are very often understood to be a circuit having a single principal input and a single inhibiting input. A signal appears at the output of such a circuit when a signal is present on the principal input but there is none on the inhibiting input. Such an inhibitor is called an anticoincidence gate; its conventional representation is given in Figure 1.

Figure 1. Block diagram of an anticoincidence gate (inhibitor) with m — 1 and n 1:(A) principal input, (Q) inhibiting input, (Ga) anticoincidence gate

inhibitor

A substance added to paint to retard drying, skinning, mildew growth, etc. Also see corrosion inhibitor, inhibiting pigment, drying inhibitor.
References in periodicals archive ?
We used chromatographic methods for extraction and purification of inhibitor from the wastes of sera-manufacturing industry.
Autophagy is a cellular pathway that has been shown to be upregulated in mutant RAS cancers and that also mediates resistance to inhibitors of the RAS signaling pathway.
M-120 can help formulators meet these demands by delivering a water-based corrosion inhibitor that does not contain heavy metals but provides a microscopic protection layer on metal surfaces.
Compared with the patients in the control groups (placebo or no treatment), patients in both the SGLT-2 inhibitor and GLP-1 agonist groups had decreased all-cause mortality (SGLT-2 inhibitor group, hazard ratio [HR]=0.80; 95% credible interval [CrI], 0.71-0.89; absolute risk difference [RD]= -1%; number needed to treat [NNT]=100; GLP-1 agonist group, HR=0.88; 95% CrI, 0.810.94; absolute RD= -0.6%; NNT=167).
Rate of inhibitor development in previously untreated hemophilia A patients treated with plasma-derived or recombinant factor VIII concentrates: A systematic review.
The rates of hospitalization for heart failure per 100 patient-years were 0.80 and 1.08 in the SGLT-2 inhibitor and DPP-4 inhibitor groups (3,875 events; HR, 0.68), and for HHF plus all-cause death, they were 1.55 and 2.22 per 100 patient-years (7,807 events; HR, 0.67), respectively.
As can been see Fig.2, Compared with bare stainless steel, with increasing the amount of inhibitor, the corrosion potential were positive shift and the corrosion current density get lower, while the amount of inhibitor is up to 40 ppm, the corrosion potential can elevated about 400 mV, while the corrosion current density decreased by 2 orders of magnitude, indicated that the bare of the stainless steel surface has covered by a protection film acted as excellent mixed type inhibitor of stainless steel in 1M sulfuric acid.
Despite the fact that FV is an essential cofactor for efficient conversion of prothrombin to thrombin, the level of FV inhibitor activity does not correlate with clinical bleeding.
BI 882370 is a potent and selective RAF inhibitor uniquely binding to the DFG-out conformation, whereas marketed BRAF inhibitors occupy the DFG-in conformation.
THE IMMUNE-RELATED adverse effects of inhibitors of programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) and its ligand varied by tumor type in a large systematic review and meta-analysis.

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