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a person deprived of liberty and kept in prison or some other form of custody as a punishment for a crime, while awaiting trial, or for some other reason



(Russian, zakliuchennyi), a person arrested by way of a measure of restraint. In the USSR the legal status of the prisoner is defined by the Statute on Preliminary Confinement Under Guard (July 11, 1969), according to which persons in custody in places of preliminary confinement have obligations and rights established by the legislation enacted for citizens of the USSR, with restrictions arising from the regimen of custody.

Prisoners have the right to receive, in accordance with established procedure, packages, parcels, and money orders; they may also purchase food and other necessities by means of cashless transactions, have in their possession documents and notes pertinent to their case, and use books from the prison library. Female prisoners have the right to have with them children up to two years of age. Visits of relatives and other persons are granted, as a rule, once a month with the permission of the official or agency in charge of the proceedings of the given case. The same procedure governs correspondence with relatives and other citizens. Meetings with lawyers are granted without restrictions and for any length of time. Prisoners may be recruited for work only with their consent and with the permission of agencies of inquiry, the procurator, or the court, and they may work only at the place of preliminary confinement. The conditions of prisoners’ work and the payment for their work are determined by the Council of Ministers of the USSR. Sometimes the term “prisoner” applies to all persons in confinement, including those serving sentences upon conviction by a court; from the legal point of view, these persons are called convicts.

I. V. SHMAROV [9–90CM]

References in periodicals archive ?
The inmates explained the reasons for their incarceration, provided details on their backgrounds, and made a case for their release.
The common denominator among inmates is not race; it's drug and alcohol abuse.
As with many prisons, the records on inmates are not fully computerized and when they are the format is not capable of extracting the detailed information needed.
Curry et al., (1993) presented an estimation of the number of inmates with disabilities.
Iowa was the first, establishing a wide-ranging program at Newton that currently serves about 200 inmates. Participants live in a special wing where they are immersed in an evangelical worldview 24 hours a day.
Sapers says that it is well documented that Aboriginal people are over represented in Canada's prisons but the "disparities between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal offenders are not as well known and should be addressed on an urgent basis." The higher rate of recidivism for Aboriginal offenders is in part due to the Correctional Service's failure to manage Aboriginal inmates in a culturally responsive and non-discriminatory manner, he added.
The InnerChange program was given the prison's "honor unit," which had been used to house the best-behaved inmates. Those inmates were dumped back into the general population.
On December 31, 2002, 2.0% of state prison inmates were positive for HIV (1); among interviewed jail inmates, 1.3% disclosed they were HIV positive.
Once accepted into the program the inmates receive clinical training that will allow them to flourish in the dental assisting profession.
The Inmate Behavior Management program explores the nature and purpose of the interaction between staff and inmates, and the skills staff need to effectively interact with and supervise inmates.
(10) Among the items to consider is a body charged with controlling the actions of inmates after release, as well as monitoring their behavior prior to release to ensure that they have received the tools to become successful when they return to free society.
The jail system in Maricopa County is well known for its practice of requiring inmates to wear pink underwear, and it is notorious for using stun guns and restraint chairs.