Inner Mongolia

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Inner Mongolia

an autonomous region of NE China: consists chiefly of the Mongolian plateau, with the Gobi Desert in the north and the Great Wall of China in the south. Capital: Hohhot. Pop.: 23 800 000 (2003 est.). Area: 1 177 500 sq. km (459 225 sq. miles)

Mongolia, Inner


(Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region), an administrative region in northern China. Area, 450,000 sq km, according to Chinese sources, such as the map of the administrative divisions of the People’s Republic of China published in 1971. Formerly the area of Inner Mongolia totaled 1,177,500 sq km. Population, 6.24 million (1972). The administrative center is Huhohaote.

Economy. The mainstay of the region’s economy is agriculture. Crop farming predominates over livestock raising in terms of number of people employed (85 percent of the population) and value of agricultural output. The principal crops are drought-resistant strains of cereals, chiefly spring wheat, kaoliang, millet, buckwheat, oats, and corn. Among important industrial crops are soybeans, sunflowers, hemp, sesame, flax, cotton, and sugar beets. Livestock-raising areas, consisting of vast natural pastures, occupy almost two-thirds of the territory. Cattle, sheep, goats, horses, camels, and, in agricultural regions, hogs are raised. Each year Inner Mongolia supplies China’s domestic market with a substantial quantity of wool, wool yarn, meat, and hides.

Industry developed after the victory of the people’s revolution in 1949, particularly during the first five-year plan (1953–57). The region’s sugar refining, leather, textile, chemical, mining, woodworking, cement, and metallurgical industries are of national importance. With the aid of the Soviet Union, a metallurgical combine and a plant for the production of metallurgical equipment have been built in Paotou. The Moscow-Ulan Bator-Peking trunkline crosses Inner Mongolia. Paotou is linked by rail with Peking.


Historical survey. Inner Mongolia was once occupied by southern Mongol principalities, which in 1636 fell under the sway of the Manchus, who became the rulers of China. As part of China the region became known as Inner Mongolia. The duguilan movement arose here in the second half of the 19th century and gathered force under the influence of the Revolution of 1905–07 in Russia. The People’s Revolutionary Party of Inner Mongolia, founded in April 1925, led the revolutionary struggle of the people of Inner Mongolia under the direction of the Communist Party of China. During the 1930’s and 1940’s the people of Inner Mongolia resisted the Japanese imperialists, who occupied a large part of the region between 1931 and 1945, and opposed the creation of Mongolian puppet governments. In August 1945 the Soviet Army, together with the forces of the Mongolian People’s Republic and local partisan bands, liberated Inner Mongolia from the Japanese invaders. On May 1, 1947, the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region was established. It was expanded’to include Suiyiian Province in 1954, and it absorbed the Mongol regions of Kansu Province in 1956. By the early 1970’s the area of Inner Mongolia had been greatly reduced.

References in periodicals archive ?
The joint venture proposes to construct two natural gas (including coal-made gas) transmission pipelines for transportation of gas generated by gas fields and oil fields, coal bed methane, coke oven gas and coal-made gas from Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region to Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei and Shandong for sale.
He has been awarded the following awards: Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region "321 talents project" the second level people, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region Department of Education "111 talents project" the third level people.
The turbines will be installed in a project in Huitengxile in the Chinese Inner Mongolia autonomous region.
During the meeting which was also attended by Vice Chairman of the Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Bu Xiaolin , The JBA Chairman reviewed bilateral economic relations between Jordan and China, especially cooperation between the private sector of both countries.
2) The following regions are covered by the program: Hubei Province, Hunan Province, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region, Sichuan Province, Chongqing Municipality, Guizhou Province, Yunnan Province, Anhui Province, Jiangxi Province, Henan Province, Shaanxi Province, Shanxi Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Gansu Province, Jilin Province, Heilongjiang Province, Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region, Qinghai Province, Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and Tibet Autonomous Region.
The State Council has approved expanding the programme to the municipalities of Beijing, Chongqing and Tianjin, the provinces of Liaoning, Jiangsu, Zhejiang, Fujian, Shandong, Hubei, Guangxi, Hainan, Sichuan and Yunnan, and the Inner Mongolia autonomous region, the report said, citing a government document.
Chery Automobile (Chery), a China-based automaker, is planning to invest CNY20bn in Ordos, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, North China.
Inner Mongolia autonomous region, Fujian and Guangdong provinces, it said.
During 2004-2006, rodents were collected at 6 study sites in Heilongjiang Province, Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, Jilin Province, Zhejiang Province, Guizhou Province, and Xinjiang Autonomous Region (Figure) at various times according to peak seasons of tick species.
Some 4,020 people in China's Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region have been sickened by bacteria-contaminated water since the first cases were reported on Saturday, state media reported Friday.
HOHHOT, Jul 29, 2009 (TUR) -- Executive Vice Chairman of Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region on Wednesday expressed willingness to boost relations with Turkey.
have entered into an agreement to enhance low-grade coal for a coal liquefaction facility in Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region, PRC.

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