Inner Mongolia

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Inner Mongolia

an autonomous region of NE China: consists chiefly of the Mongolian plateau, with the Gobi Desert in the north and the Great Wall of China in the south. Capital: Hohhot. Pop.: 23 800 000 (2003 est.). Area: 1 177 500 sq. km (459 225 sq. miles)

Mongolia, Inner


(Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region), an administrative region in northern China. Area, 450,000 sq km, according to Chinese sources, such as the map of the administrative divisions of the People’s Republic of China published in 1971. Formerly the area of Inner Mongolia totaled 1,177,500 sq km. Population, 6.24 million (1972). The administrative center is Huhohaote.

Economy. The mainstay of the region’s economy is agriculture. Crop farming predominates over livestock raising in terms of number of people employed (85 percent of the population) and value of agricultural output. The principal crops are drought-resistant strains of cereals, chiefly spring wheat, kaoliang, millet, buckwheat, oats, and corn. Among important industrial crops are soybeans, sunflowers, hemp, sesame, flax, cotton, and sugar beets. Livestock-raising areas, consisting of vast natural pastures, occupy almost two-thirds of the territory. Cattle, sheep, goats, horses, camels, and, in agricultural regions, hogs are raised. Each year Inner Mongolia supplies China’s domestic market with a substantial quantity of wool, wool yarn, meat, and hides.

Industry developed after the victory of the people’s revolution in 1949, particularly during the first five-year plan (1953–57). The region’s sugar refining, leather, textile, chemical, mining, woodworking, cement, and metallurgical industries are of national importance. With the aid of the Soviet Union, a metallurgical combine and a plant for the production of metallurgical equipment have been built in Paotou. The Moscow-Ulan Bator-Peking trunkline crosses Inner Mongolia. Paotou is linked by rail with Peking.


Historical survey. Inner Mongolia was once occupied by southern Mongol principalities, which in 1636 fell under the sway of the Manchus, who became the rulers of China. As part of China the region became known as Inner Mongolia. The duguilan movement arose here in the second half of the 19th century and gathered force under the influence of the Revolution of 1905–07 in Russia. The People’s Revolutionary Party of Inner Mongolia, founded in April 1925, led the revolutionary struggle of the people of Inner Mongolia under the direction of the Communist Party of China. During the 1930’s and 1940’s the people of Inner Mongolia resisted the Japanese imperialists, who occupied a large part of the region between 1931 and 1945, and opposed the creation of Mongolian puppet governments. In August 1945 the Soviet Army, together with the forces of the Mongolian People’s Republic and local partisan bands, liberated Inner Mongolia from the Japanese invaders. On May 1, 1947, the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region was established. It was expanded’to include Suiyiian Province in 1954, and it absorbed the Mongol regions of Kansu Province in 1956. By the early 1970’s the area of Inner Mongolia had been greatly reduced.

References in periodicals archive ?
The Xilin River, one of the major inland rivers, flows from southeast to northwest, and its floodplain with a total area of 10,000 [km.sup.2] is located at the eastern edge of the Xilingol High Plain in the middle of the Inner Mongolian Plateau (Figure 1).
The present investigation was conducted to study DNA polymorphism of IGFBP-3 gene in cashmere goats and to explore its possible association with cashmere traits in Inner Mongolian cashmere goats.
Air China, Civil Aviation Administration of China Air China to launch new airline with Inner Mongolian government.
Los Angeles-based American Elements has announced that China will start issuing a new special tax permit to all authorised rare earth producers in the Inner Mongolian and Sichuan rare earth development regions.
The company will commence the five-year joint project with the Korean Federation for Environmental Movement (KFEM) in a 50 square kilometre district in Chakanor, China's Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region.
Chinas top maker, Inner Mongolian Yili Industrial Group, has a 17% domestic market share and will be the sole dairy sponsor for the 2008 Beijing Summer Olympics.
In addition, Inner Mongolia Unicom, a subsidiary of China Unicom, a Chinese telecomms services provider, also selected Alcatel-Lucent to optimise its CDMA network in Inner Mongolian province.
Alternatively, share specialist operator Explore's 17-day Inner Mongolian Adventure from pounds 1,499 a head to the distant northern limits of China.
Veolia's has also confirmed that it is now present in half of the country's provinces as well as the towns of Beijing, Kuming (South-East), ZunYi (South), Hohhot (Inner Mongolian, North) and Weinan (North).
Organiser Wendy Minor said: "Between June 30 and July 9 next year, we are offering people the chance to join our Inner Mongolian Horse Trek.
of Melbourne) examines the area now known as the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region and its history as a political entity from the late Qing and early republican periods.

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