Inner Speech

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Inner Speech


(endophasia). (1) Speech that is directed by a person to himself (most often for the purpose of planning his own actions) and which is realized in an internal code—that is, not in audible speech.

(2) The internal program of an utterance that precedes its production in speech (“internal programming”).

(3) Articulatory movements that are not accompanied by sound (“internal utterances”).

The study and experimental recording of inner speech contribute to research on the relationships between language and thought and language and speech and on forms of thought and problems of speech perception. Inner speech is studied by linguists, psychologists, and physiologists.


Vygotskii, L. S. Izbrannye psikhologicheskie issledovaniia: Myshlenie i rech’. Moscow, 1956.
Zhinkin, N. I. “O kodovykh perekhodakh vo vnutrennei rechi.” Voprosy iazykoznaniia, 1964, no. 6.
Sokolov, A. N. Vnutrenniaia rech’ i myshlenie. Moscow, 1968.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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