Innocent VI

Innocent VI,

d. 1362, pope (1352–62), a Frenchman named Étienne Aubert; successor of Clement VIClement VI,
1291–1352, pope (1342–52), a Frenchman named Pierre Roger; successor of Benedict XII. His court was at Avignon. He had been archbishop of Sens, archbishop of Rouen, and cardinal (1338).
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. He was a well-known jurist and was created cardinal in 1342. He lived at Avignon. He was one of the few reforming popes of his age, doing his best to eliminate venality from church administration. His major quarrel was with Holy Roman Emperor Charles IVCharles IV,
1316–78, Holy Roman emperor (1355–78), German king (1347–78), and king of Bohemia (1346–78). The son of John of Luxemburg, Charles was educated at the French court and fought the English at Crécy, where his father's heroic death made
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 over the Golden BullGolden Bull,
term translated from the Latin bulla aurea and generally referring to a bull (edict) with a golden seal. Golden bulls were promulgated by medieval Byzantine rulers and by Western European monarchs, for example, by Holy Roman Emperor Frederick II (Golden Bull
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. Innocent sent Cardinal de AlbornozAlbornoz, Gil Álvarez Carrillo de
, 1310?–1367, Spanish and papal statesman and general, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. Under Alfonso XI of Castile he became archbishop of Toledo and distinguished himself fighting the Moors at Tarifa and Algeciras.
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 into Italy to pacify the Papal States and liberated Cola di RienziRienzi or Rienzo, Cola di
, 1313?–1354, Roman popular leader. In 1343 on a mission to Pope Clement VI at Avignon, he won the papal confidence. While there he befriended Petrarch.
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 to go with him. He was succeeded by Urban VUrban V,
1310–70, pope (1362–70), a Provençal named Guillaume de Grimoard; successor of Innocent VI. He was a Benedictine renowned for his knowledge of canon law.
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References in periodicals archive ?
From 1309 to 1377, six successive popes resided in Avignon: Clement V, Jean XXII, Benoit XII, Clement VI, Innocent VI and Urban V.
Clement's successor, Innocent VI (1352-62), permitted Charles IV to be crowned king of Italy and then Emperor in Rome in order to further his control over contested areas in Italy.
He prudently ignored the pleadings of Innocent VI and Petrarch.
The second is a letter dated 16 April 1361 from Pope Innocent VI to the King and Queen of Naples in which the pope writes that Giannino and his mercenary army, camped just outside Avignon, constituted a diplomatic problem at that time.
Clement VI, Innocent VI, Albornoz, and Martin V might all accept an evolving communal governance in Rome while their rule remained theoretical and weak.
Innocent VI was buried in Holy Trinity Chapel in the Charterhouse of Villeneuve-les-Avignon, which he himself built.
Cola was kept in prison in Avignon, but Clement died in 1352 and two years later the new pope, Innocent VI, sent Cola to Rome on a mission to restore papal authority in the city.
His past military and diplomatic accomplishments made him Innocent VI's choice to lead two diplomatic/military delegations to subdue unruly subjects in the papal territories of Italy.
After subsequent imprisonment and trial, it looked as if he might enjoy rehabilitation; at the prompting of Petrarch, Pope Innocent VI halted proceedings against Rienzi.
Denouncing him as a persecutor of Christ's sheep, Bridget turned against Innocent VI for his sternness.