Innocent VIII


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Innocent VIII,

1432–92, pope (1484–92), a Genoese named Giovanni Battista Cibo; successor of Sixtus IVSixtus IV
, 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. He was made general of his order, the Franciscans, in 1464 and became (1467) a cardinal.
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. He was made a cardinal in 1473. His close friend, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius IIJulius II,
1443–1513, pope (1503–13), an Italian named Giuliano della Rovere, b. Savona; successor of Pius III. His uncle Sixtus IV gave him many offices and created him cardinal.
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), largely directed the papal affairs. Like his predecessors, Innocent wished to stop the Turkish advance, but he succeeded by means other than the crusade he originally planned. Djem, brother and rival of Sultan Beyazid IIBeyazid II,
1447–1513, Ottoman sultan (1481–1512), son and successor of Muhammad II to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). With the help of the corps of Janissaries he put down the revolt of his brother Jem.
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, was being held captive by Pierre d'AubussonAubusson, Pierre d'
, 1423–1503, French soldier, a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, and grand master of the Knights Hospitalers (1476–1503). In 1480 he valiantly defended Rhodes against Ottoman Sultan Muhammad II.
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; the pope saw that if he held over the sultan the threat of supporting Djem's pretensions, Beyazid would come to terms. Beyazid (1490) agreed to leave Europe at peace if the pope kept Djem captive. Innocent VIII was known as a nepotist and was attacked by SavonarolaSavonarola, Girolamo
, 1452–98, Italian religious reformer, b. Ferrara. He joined (1475) the Dominicans. In 1481 he went to San Marco, the Dominican house at Florence, where he became popular for his eloquent sermons, in which he attacked the vice and worldliness of the
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 for his worldliness. He was succeeded by Alexander VIAlexander VI,
1431?–1503, pope (1492–1503), a Spaniard (b. Játiva) named Rodrigo de Borja or, in Italian, Rodrigo Borgia; successor of Innocent VIII. He took Borja as his surname from his mother's brother Alfonso, who was Pope Calixtus III.
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.
References in periodicals archive ?
A few months later, another fire broke out in the kingdom of Naples, where a group of barons who had rebelled against their Aragonese ruler, King Ferrante and his son Alfonso, were supported by Pope Innocent VIII.
The good queen, being a pious woman and careful about titles (almost, I might say, as the FHA), secured the blessing of Pope Innocent VIII before she sold her jewels to sponsor the voyage.
Another high point of the book is the meticulous and sure-footed consideration of the tombs of Sixtus re and Innocent VIII, which Antonio Pollaiuolo executed in Rome towards the end of his life.
1 It opens in 1492, as corrupt cardinal Rodrigo Borgia schemes to position himself as the successor to the ailing Pope Innocent VIII - but first he needs to overcome his Spanish heritage, which is seen as a distinct disadvantage among the Vatican's ruling elite.