Innocent VIII


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Innocent VIII,

1432–92, pope (1484–92), a Genoese named Giovanni Battista Cibo; successor of Sixtus IVSixtus IV
, 1414–84, pope (1471–84), an Italian named Francesco della Rovere (b. near Savona); successor of Paul II. He was made general of his order, the Franciscans, in 1464 and became (1467) a cardinal.
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. He was made a cardinal in 1473. His close friend, Cardinal Giuliano della Rovere (later Pope Julius IIJulius II,
1443–1513, pope (1503–13), an Italian named Giuliano della Rovere, b. Savona; successor of Pius III. His uncle Sixtus IV gave him many offices and created him cardinal.
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), largely directed the papal affairs. Like his predecessors, Innocent wished to stop the Turkish advance, but he succeeded by means other than the crusade he originally planned. Djem, brother and rival of Sultan Beyazid IIBeyazid II,
1447–1513, Ottoman sultan (1481–1512), son and successor of Muhammad II to the throne of the Ottoman Empire (Turkey). With the help of the corps of Janissaries he put down the revolt of his brother Jem.
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, was being held captive by Pierre d'AubussonAubusson, Pierre d'
, 1423–1503, French soldier, a cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, and grand master of the Knights Hospitalers (1476–1503). In 1480 he valiantly defended Rhodes against Ottoman Sultan Muhammad II.
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; the pope saw that if he held over the sultan the threat of supporting Djem's pretensions, Beyazid would come to terms. Beyazid (1490) agreed to leave Europe at peace if the pope kept Djem captive. Innocent VIII was known as a nepotist and was attacked by SavonarolaSavonarola, Girolamo
, 1452–98, Italian religious reformer, b. Ferrara. He joined (1475) the Dominicans. In 1481 he went to San Marco, the Dominican house at Florence, where he became popular for his eloquent sermons, in which he attacked the vice and worldliness of the
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 for his worldliness. He was succeeded by Alexander VIAlexander VI,
1431?–1503, pope (1492–1503), a Spaniard (b. Játiva) named Rodrigo de Borja or, in Italian, Rodrigo Borgia; successor of Innocent VIII. He took Borja as his surname from his mother's brother Alfonso, who was Pope Calixtus III.
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.
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References in periodicals archive ?
The specific invitation to cross the Alps by the duke of Milan, Lodovico Sforza, was only the last in a lengthy list of such appeals: the Venetian republic during the Ferrara war (1484); Pope Innocent VIII during the Barons' War (1486) and again in 1489.
He implied that the book had direct papal approval by inserting Innocent VIII's Bull as the preface to an edition printed in 1487.
These two, their terra cotta glazed, valiantly hold up the coat of arms of Pope Innocent VIII so we can step through the entryway beneath the protection of their wings.
Jeremy Noble gives a short preamble to an edition of Gaspar von Weerbeke's motet Dulcis amica dei/Da pacem, which he argues was written to celebrate the setting up of an altar by Pope Innocent VIII in the Roman church of S.
In 1487 Tomas de Torquemada (1420-1498) was made Grand Inquisitor of Spain by Innocent VIII (1432-1492), who had become Pope in 1484.
Born in 1452, the son of Antonio Colonna, Prince of Salerno, and grandnewphew of Pope Martin V; fought with Neapolitan forces against Venice and Pope Sixtus IV during the War of Ferrara (1482-1484); supported Pope Innocent VIII and the Neapolitan barons when they rebelled against Ferdinand I of Naples (1485-1486); assisted Charles VIII of France in his conquest and occupation of Naples (February-May 1495); then joined with Ferdinand II of Naples in driving the French out of Naples (late 1495); served with Gonsalvo de Cordoba's Spanish army in victories over the French at Cerignola (April 28, 1503) and the Garigliano River (December 28); fought for the Spanish against the Venetians at La Motta (October 7, 1513); captured by a French cavalry raid at Villefranche (in Savoy) (summer?
Pope Innocent VIII issued the celebrated bull Summis desiderantes in 1484, directing inquisitors and others to put to death all practitioners of witchcraft and other diabolical arts, and it has been computed that as many as nine million persons have suffered death for witchcraft since that date.
From August 11, 1492, when Borgia was elevated from the position of Papal Vice-Chancellor and Spanish Cardinal of Valencia into the Papal throne that was left empty by the death of Innocent VIII, he led a colourful life -- full of political intrigue, diplomacy and deceit.
John the Baptist, Innocent VIII (1484-92, Giovanni Battista Cybo), had served as the precursor of the Medici ecclesiastical dynasty, initiating it on the highest level by raising to the cardinalate the brother (Giovanni de' Medici) of his daughter-in-law, Maddalena de' Medici Cybo (1473-1519).