Institutional Revolutionary party

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Institutional Revolutionary party,

Span. Partido Revolucionario Institucional (PRI), Mexican political party. Established in 1929 as the National Revolutionary party by former President Plutarco CallesCalles, Plutarco Elías
, 1877–1945, Mexican statesman, president (1924–28). In 1913 he left schoolteaching to fight with Álvaro Obregón and Venustiano Carranza against Victoriano Huerta.
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, it brought together the country's governmental, military, and agricultural leaders in a program of socioeconomic reform. In 1938 it was renamed the Mexican Revolutionary party, and in 1946 it acquired its present name. During the rest of the century all Mexican presidents and most officials belonged to the PRI, which was often accused of corruption and electoral fraud, the most clear-cut national example of the latter being the 1988 presidential election. Its victory margins decreased in the 1980s and 90s, and it lost some state elections to its opponents, but the party still remained Mexico's dominant political group.

In 1994 the PRI's presidential candidate, Luis Donaldo Colosio MurrietaColosio Murrieta, Luis Donaldo
, 1948–94, Mexican politician and government official, b. Magdalena del Kino, Mex. He studied at the Univ. of Pennsylvania and in Austria, returning to Mexico, where he began his political career.
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, was assassinated; the party's new candidate, Ernesto Zedillo Ponce de LeónZedillo Ponce de León, Ernesto
, 1951–, Mexican politician, president of Mexico (1994–2000). Educated as an economist in Mexico and the United States and a member of the Institutional Revolutionary party (PRI) since 1971, he served as Mexico's minister of
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, won the presidency by a narrow margin. In the 1997 National Congress elections the party lost its majority in the lower house, although it remained the largest party. Zedillo worked to modernize and democratize both Mexico and the party.

In 1999 the PRI broke with the tradition of having presidents pick their own successors and held its first presidential primary. Nonetheless, in the 2000 national elections, the PRI candidate, Francisco Labastida Ochoa, lost to Vicente Fox QuesadaFox Quesada, Vicente
, 1942–, Mexican political leader, president of Mexico (2000–6). Raised on a ranch in rural central Mexico's Guanajuato state, he became a successful rancher and business executive.
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, of the National Action party (PAN), ending more than 70 years of PRI control of the national government. The 2006 elections saw Roberto Madrazo, the PRI candidate for president, place third, and the party also came in third in terms of the vote for members of Mexico's congress.

The PRI nonetheless continued to be the nation's largest party in terms of local and state government officeholders, and when Mexico experienced an economic downturn in 2009 the party won a plurality in the lower house of Congress. The PRI regained the presidency in 2012, when its candidate, Enrique Peña Nieto, the former governor of Mexico state, won, and with its allies won a lower house majority in 2012 and 2015.


See J. Castañeda, The Inheritance (1999).

References in periodicals archive ?
Madrazo assumed the presidency of the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) in 2002 following the party's dramatic loss of the presidency in 2000, ending 71 years of PRI rule in Mexico.
WOMEN voters are being encouraged to keep Mexico's long- ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party in poll position - by a group of male strippers.
The victory was almost unthinkable for many in Mexico, where the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, has been synonymous with the nation.
In securing his victory, Fox, of the conservative National Action Party, ended the 71-year rule of the Institutional Revolutionary Party.
The Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) that has run Mexico since 1929, lost its hold in the country's election in July 2000.
Fox shellacked his opponent, Francisco Labastida of the ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI), taking 42.
1, ending nearly 70 years of power for the Institutional Revolutionary Party and the change is good news for the Roman Catholic Church.
Fox's election in 2000 broke the 71-year hold of the Institutional Revolutionary Party, or PRI, on Mexico's presidency.
The 1985 Mexico City earthquake, which she studied, hastened the end of 71 years of autocratic rule by the Institutional Revolutionary Party.
Los Pinos, This is Your Home' has been embraced by President Vicente Fox, the first Mexican president in 71 years not belonging to the Institutional Revolutionary Party, who has agreed to write a prologue and launch the book officially.
In 1971, 30 years ahead of the rest of the country, Juchitan became one of Mexico's first cities to vote the long-ruling Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) out of office.
Until 2000, during the more than 70 years that the Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI) was in power, Mexican presidents refused to make any public manifestation of their faith, considering it a violation of church-state separation.

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