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1. Christian Church the appointment or admission of an incumbent to an ecclesiastical office or pastoral charge
2. Christian theol the creation of a sacrament by Christ, esp the Eucharist


an established order comprising rule-bound and standardized behaviour patterns. The term is widely acknowledged to be used in a variety of ways, and hence often ambiguously. SOCIAL INSTITUTION refers to arrangements involving large numbers of people whose behaviour is guided by NORMS and ROLES. In functionalist theory (see FUNCTIONALISM), the concept of institution is linked to that of FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES OR FUNCTIONAL IMPERATIVES. MALINOWSKI lists seven social institutions which meet biological and social-psychological NEEDs. GOFFMAN uses the term TOTAL INSTITUTION to refer to bureaucratically organized establishments (see BUREAUCRACY) in which the inmates have little possibility of escape from the norms and roles of the administrative structure. INSTITUTIONALIZATION refers to the process whereby the norms and roles expected in various social settings are developed and learned. Although this often involves an OVERSOCIALIZED CONCEPTION OF MAN, researchers influenced by PHENOMENOLOGICAL SOCIOLOGY stress the creative and adaptive aspects of social life.



an organization established to carry out a particular kind of activity. The USSR has both state and public institutions, governed by charter or statute and, as a rule, enjoying the rights of a body corporate. State institutions include ministries, as well as organizations that perform functions not associated with material production, such as schools, hospitals, theaters, and libraries.

References in periodicals archive ?
If Congress chooses a bounded institutional structure for
In the literature on urban property rights and institutions, one main type of institutional structure is the integration of property owners and collective goods providers in the form of political or economic organizations (Foldvary, 1994; Beito, Gordon and Tabarrok, 2002; Deng, 2003), such as homeowners associations, shopping malls (McCallum, 1970), and even suburban local governments (Fischel, 2001).
The Dubai International Financial Centre Authority today released a report outlining options for the institutional structure and governance of a proposed Gulf Central Bank, a central requirement to meeting the January 2010 deadline for implementation of a GCC common currency.
It is now concerned that the new "departure from established law" will become an official "intrusion into the institutional structure of the Church.
In the past the inflationary trigger was often provided in many countries by the labor market- and trade union-inspired wage push which was a signal that demand was excessive in the prevailing institutional structure.
Trevino demonstrates how Mexican Americans' religious faith helped mold and preserve their cultural identity and played a crucial role in the family, community and institutional structure.
I believe we must seek reformation of the institutional structure, not its abandonment.
Andersson, Bohn, and Lindgren theoretically analyze the individual's response to severe illness and its dependence on the institutional structure.
The program would facilitate the mobilization of passengers and cargo contributing: to the reactivation of the agricultural sector, to the integration of the communities and to elevate the standard of life of the rural population by means of the rehabilitation of a portion of the tertiary road network in the rural areas, the development of new mechanisms of road maintenance and the modernization of the institutional structure of the sector.
The Fiscal and Budget Management Act will "put in place the institutional structure for greater transparency" and "a phased decline in the central government's borrowing".
Assessment of indoor air pollution requires a multidisciplinary approach, incorporating local institutional structure and behavior and cultural factors.
As the authors argue, "The result is a basic mismatch between the institutional structure and the reality of today's world of work.

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