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1. Christian Church the appointment or admission of an incumbent to an ecclesiastical office or pastoral charge
2. Christian theol the creation of a sacrament by Christ, esp the Eucharist


an established order comprising rule-bound and standardized behaviour patterns. The term is widely acknowledged to be used in a variety of ways, and hence often ambiguously. SOCIAL INSTITUTION refers to arrangements involving large numbers of people whose behaviour is guided by NORMS and ROLES. In functionalist theory (see FUNCTIONALISM), the concept of institution is linked to that of FUNCTIONAL PREREQUISITES OR FUNCTIONAL IMPERATIVES. MALINOWSKI lists seven social institutions which meet biological and social-psychological NEEDs. GOFFMAN uses the term TOTAL INSTITUTION to refer to bureaucratically organized establishments (see BUREAUCRACY) in which the inmates have little possibility of escape from the norms and roles of the administrative structure. INSTITUTIONALIZATION refers to the process whereby the norms and roles expected in various social settings are developed and learned. Although this often involves an OVERSOCIALIZED CONCEPTION OF MAN, researchers influenced by PHENOMENOLOGICAL SOCIOLOGY stress the creative and adaptive aspects of social life.



an organization established to carry out a particular kind of activity. The USSR has both state and public institutions, governed by charter or statute and, as a rule, enjoying the rights of a body corporate. State institutions include ministries, as well as organizations that perform functions not associated with material production, such as schools, hospitals, theaters, and libraries.

References in periodicals archive ?
Perhaps the best way to understand the influence of institutions upon identity is to consider a food analogy.
The FDIC has also issued guidance to insured depository institutions about selected provisions of the Sarbanes-Oxley Act related to corporate governance, audits and reporting requirements.
Institutions, with the necessary resources, mentoring, and supportive partnership with an experienced and committed research institution, represent an opportunity for conducting and expanding participation in clinical trials developed for radiation oncology and combined modality therapy as well as culturally and societally related research important to the understanding of cancer-related health disparities.
"One of our concerns is that some institutions, as part of other cost-cutting activities, have been reducing some of their internal controls and perhaps even some of the review of those controls," says the OCC's Blackburn.
The current recruitment message, delivered in various forms by educational institutions that are members of the Pulp and Paper Education and Research Alliance (PPERA) and others, has several compelling elements, including our renewable raw material base, the recyclability of our products, energy self-sufficiency, our sustainability and advanced technology (see
This collaboration means that the global, trusted Identrus infrastructure for business-to-business electronic commerce is now available in a packaged solution that will enable financial institutions to build a cost-effective secure environment for high-value transactions quickly and efficiently in a Windows 2000 operating environment.
FINANCIAL AID IS ONE OF the most powerful tools that institutions of higher education have to shape their incoming classes and achieve their strategic goals.
Kevin Carey's premise in his recent article ("Is Our Students Learning?" September) seems to be that colleges are deliberately hiding information which--if made public--would allow the creation of a perfect ranking system for institutions of higher education.
Especially with its concern for analyzing the evolution of institutions, classes and groups of people over time, as well as explaining individual human behavior in social contexts, social history is fundamentally a social science.
* Upgrading of existing facilities at host institutions to serve the national community of users
The Electronic Payments Network (EPN), has launched the industry's first centralized OFAC screening solution for financial institutions originating and receiving cross-border ACH transactions.

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