Instructional Program

Instructional Program

 

a complete description of a course of programmed instruction, containing precise statements concerning the size of lessons, the division of the learning material into units, the sequence in which readings from a text are to be presented, and the rules for transition from one unit to the next. Assimilation of the material by the students is tested by a series of questions. These questions must be answered either at the end of each unit of material or periodically during the process of study, and the transition to the next unit of material is made to depend on answering the questions correctly.

The most widely known programs are the linear and branching types. An instructional program is called linear when all students work on each unit of material in the same sequence; the answer may be given either by selecting one choice from a set of choices or by composing an independent answer. Independently composed answers produced during the process of instruction or memorization give better results than simple selection from two or several given choices, each of which appears very probable but may lead to unnecessary memorization of incorrect propositions. Linear instructional programs typically have short steps; that is, each new unit contains a small volume of material, which makes it easier for a student to compose or select a correct answer and therefore speeds up the learning process.

In the branching instructional program, the answer is used primarily to lead the student further along one of the program’s branches. Each answer is used to disclose the possibilities of the path chosen by the student and to determine what to do next. The branching program also allows incorrect answers that do not prevent reaching a correct result because they can be corrected before the student goes further.

A branching instructional program may be used to explain to a student what is wrong with his answers. Such programs make it possible to identify students who have not understood anything in the course and to return them to the very beginning of the explanation. They also permit a student with good preparation to go through a course faster than others, and they may be used to give the student himself an opportunity to decide how deeply he wishes to go into the material.

Other types of instructional program are also used. There are, for example, combined programs, in which linear programs at certain points pass into branching programs to permit the student who is progressing well to bypass a sequence necessary for students who have not completely mastered the material.

References in periodicals archive ?
SS&C now exclusively provides the instructional program leading up to the certification.
Two of the programs - the Home Instruction Program and the Fox Hollow Instructional Program - are well-established offerings within the district that are being consolidated and moved to one location, said Cheryl Linder, the district's education support services director.
ERIC Descriptors: Teaching Methods; Individualized Instruction; Teacher Competencies; Knowledge Base for Teaching; Multiple Intelligences; Language Teachers; Literacy Education; Age Differences; Instructional Program Divisions; Culturally Relevant Education; Administrator Role; Principals; Student Participation; Grouping (Instructional Purposes); Cultural Differences; Teacher Attitudes; Competency Based Education; Test Preparation; Instructional Effectiveness; Common Core State Standards; Learning Disabilities; Standardized Tests
"These compensation adjustments are fair, reasonable and affordable, allowing the School Committee to focus its budget development on restoring teaching positions in order to reduce class sizes that are currently much too large, and to provide adequate funding for the instructional program.''
of Arizona) brings together teachers, school leaders, and education scholars from the US for 10 chapters that help current and future school leaders analyze their beliefs and practices about instructional leadership in relation to the Interstate School Leaders Licensure Consortium (ISLLC) Standard 2, which states that instructional leaders should advocate, nurture, and sustain a school culture and instructional program conducive to student learning and staff professional growth.
Any seeking a simple home Pilates instructional program will find this package appealing.
An inexpensive instructional program to teach routine newborn care skills to midwives in Zambia resulted in a substantial reduction in the death rate of infants in the first week of life, according to a study funded by the National Institutes of Health and the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation.
The author, Matthew Glavach, explains how students at different reading levels worked in the same instructional program on the same lesson and how the program motivated students who were overwhelmed by the high school curriculum.
Start with the Arts is an instructional program created by VSA arts for preschool and early elementary school learners that uses the arts to assist young children, including those with disabilities, in exploring themes commonly taught in early childhood classrooms.
Currently, more than 100 schools in 26 states keep their students fit with the Yoga Ed (yogaed.com] instructional program. Wanna be a Check out Breathe: Yoga for Teens (814.99, dk.com) and Strike a Pose: The Planet Girl Guide to Yoga (812.95, kidscanpress.com).
The new school, which is expected to open by fall 2007, will be a continuation of the district's Project Lead the Way, a national instructional program geared to increasing student interest in the fields of engineering and engineering technology.
A comprehensive CD-rom instructional program including photos, diagrams, text and sounds takes you step by step through the entire leak detection process assuring efficiency at the job site.

Full browser ?