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in U.S. history, the Republican Senators and Representatives who in 1909–10 rose against the Republican standpattersstandpatters,
in U.S. history, term used early in the 20th cent. to designate conservatives in the Republican party as against the Insurgents or progressive Republicans.
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 controlling Congress, to oppose the Payne-Aldrich tariffPayne-Aldrich Tariff Act,
1909, passed by the U.S. Congress. It was the first change in tariff laws since the Dingley Act of 1897; the issue had been ignored by President Theodore Roosevelt.
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 and the dictatorial power of House speaker Joseph G. CannonCannon, Joseph Gurney,
1836–1926, speaker of the U.S. House of Representatives (1903–11), b. Guilford co., N.C. A lawyer in Illinois, Cannon served as a Republican in Congress from 1873 to 1923, except for the years 1891–93 and 1913–15, when first the
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. Many—but by no means all—of them joined the Progressive partyProgressive party,
in U.S. history, the name of three political organizations, active, respectively, in the presidential elections of 1912, 1924, and 1948. Election of 1912
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See K. W. Hechler, Insurgency (1940, repr. 1970).

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References in classic literature ?
While the inaugural address was being delivered from this place, devoted altogether to saving the Union without war, insurgent agents were in the city seeking to destroy it without war-- seeking to dissolve the Union, and divide effects, by negotiation.
All night a wide-awake watch was kept by all the officers, forward and aft, especially about the forecastle scuttle and fore hatchway; at which last place it was feared the insurgents might emerge, after breaking through the bulkhead below.
The rear battalions alone are in obedience; they preserve their proper distance from the insurgent front.
Even in our own days, when morals are better understood, an execution, a bruising match, a riot, or a meeting of radical reformers, collects, at considerable hazard to themselves, immense crowds of spectators, otherwise little interested, except to see how matters are to be conducted, or whether the heroes of the day are, in the heroic language of insurgent tailors, flints or dunghills.
And this again, that that insurgent horror was knit to him closer than a wife, closer than an eye; lay caged in his flesh, where he heard it mutter and felt it struggle to be born; and at every hour of weakness, and in the confidence of slumber, prevailed against him, and deposed him out of life.
In a little while they were being constructed not only by governments and local authorities, but by robber bands, by insurgent committees, by every type of private person.
Boko Haram Insurgents invaded a village at Chibok, Borno State, wreaking havoc, exactly five years into the abduction of 276 girls from Government Girls Secondary School, Chibok.
Two suspected Boko Haram insurgents were on Thursday afternoon arrested in Damaturu today by the vigilant security in Yobe State.
Summary: TEHRAN (FNA)- At least 67 insurgents have been killed in the past 24 hours in operations launched by the Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) and the Afghan Air Force (AAF) in different parts of the country.
ISLAMABAD, Sept 14 (KUNA) -- At least 67 insurgents were killed in last 24 hours in security operations launched by Afghan National Defense and Security Forces (ANDSF) and the Afghan Air Force (AAF) in different parts of Afghanistan, said Ministry of Defense (MoD) on Friday.