Using computers in biological research to analyze or predict the composition of molecules (nucleic acids, proteins, etc.) and model biologic systems. Bioinformatics is most prominent in the Human Genome Project, which has recorded the three billion chemical base pairs that make up the human DNA system. See biotechnology and Human Genome Project.
Funding: National Institutes of Health, Early Detection Research Network, Prostate Specialized Program of Research Excellence (SPORE), National Center for Integrative Bioinformatics, National Center for Functional Genomics, U.
Transforming data into information and turning information into knowledge is a major challenge for integrative bioinformatics, and is the key to understanding the complexities of biological and molecular clinical research.