Itanium

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Itanium

A CPU family from Intel designed to supersede Intel's x86-based servers. Although an advanced hardware architecture, and even with HP as its major supporter, Itanium gained only a fraction of the server market dominated by the x86 line. In addition, the compilers necessary to take full advantage of Itanium's elaborate architecture were never fully developed. By the time Itanium gained ground in the early 2000s, there were too many x86 servers running worldwide, and x86 performance was improving.

HP-UX (HP's Unix) and several other Unix versions run on Itanium; however, in the 2010 time frame, the Itanium versions of Windows Server, Red Hat Linux and Ubuntu Linux were given end of life.

x86 Kept Advancing
After 64-bit Itanium chips were introduced in 2001, Intel upgraded its x86 CPUs to 64 bits, and over the years added advanced security and fault detection features into high-end x86 Xeon chips. See Intel 64 and Xeon.

Native, x86 and HP PA-RISC Apps
Itaniums run native applications and emulate x86 and HP PA-RISC apps. x86 programs are executed in hardware or in software (see IA-32 Execution Layer). HP PA-RISC apps are translated in software (see Aries). For more on the Itanium architecture, see IA-64.

 Model           Process  Max.  Year   Tech.  Clock  Max.Code Name  Intro  (nm)   Speed  CoresItanium
 Merced     2001   180  800 MHz   1

 Itanium 2
 McKinley   2002   180  1.0 GHz   1
 Madison    2003   130  1.6 GHz   1
 Deerfield  2003   130  1.0 GHz   1
 Hondo      2004   130  1.1 GHz   1
 Fanwood    2004   130  1.6 GHz   1
 Madison    2004   130  1.7 GHz   1

 Montecito  2006    90  1.6 GHz   2
 Montvale   2007    90  1.7 GHz   2

 Itanium 9300
 Tukwila    2010    65  1.7 GHz   4

 Itanium 9500
 Poulson    2013    32  2.5 GHz   8
References in periodicals archive ?
APEX runs many of its BI applications on 64-bit Intel Itanium architecture.
Chip maker Intel Corp has released its IA-32 Execution Layer software for use in systems featuring the Intel Itanium 2 processor and a Microsoft Windows operating system.
A DIFFERENT SOFT OF 64-Bitness Hewlett-Packard (HP; Fort Collins, CO) is covering all bases by providing workstations running on 32-bit Intel Xeon and Pentium 4 processors, 64-bit Intel Itanium 2, and HP's own 64-bit PA-RISC processors.
With twice the number of cores on a new architecture, the Intel Itanium processor 9500 series will provide up to 2.
NEC Solutions, a provider of integrated solutions for the Connected Enterprise in North America, has announced its Express5800/ 1320Xe server based on Intel Itanium 2 processors, took top industry marks in the twotier SAP Sales and Distribution (SD) Standard Application Benchmark for 32-way servers.
The Intel Itanium 2 64-bit chips are designed for use in servers that handle real-time financial transactions, manage large databases and perform complex scientific tasks, according to the company.
This support for Intel Itanium architecture is expected to increase the availability of Java-based software and broaden solutions choices for end users.
Silicon Graphics (NYSE: SGI) with NASA today confirmed that NASA's new Intel Itanium 2 processor-based Columbia supercomputer is the most powerful computer in the world.
The Intel Itanium 2 processor is reportedly able to deliver 1.
A portion of the GCC optimizations, superblock optimization work, was directly funded by the Itanium Solutions Alliance and enables developers to produce faster code for Intel Itanium 2 processors.
Penguin Computing has announced that it will launch servers and systems based on 64-bit Intel Itanium 2 processors in Q2 2004.
Worldwide Computer Products News-14 July 2000-Microsoft and Intel launch preview release of 64-bit Windows for Intel Itanium processor (C)1995-2000 M2 COMMUNICATIONS LTD http://www.