Intellect


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Wikipedia.

intellect

the capacity for understanding, thinking, and reasoning, as distinct from feeling or wishing

Intellect

 

the capacity for thought and rational cognition, in contrast to, for example, such mental capabilities as feelings, will, intuition, and imagination.

The term “intellect” is derived from the Latin translation of the ancient Greek concept nous (mind), and its meaning is identical. In their theories Plato and Aristotle treated nous as the higher, supraindividual, rational part of the human soul; the “mind” as the first stage in emanation of the world, its flow from the single prime source, is a development of Neoplatonism. This meaning of the term was also adopted by medieval Scholasticism (intellect as divine intellect). In contrast to “reason” as the lower cognitive capacity (for elementary abstraction), the term “intellect” was used in Scholasticism to signify a higher cognitive capacity (suprasensory grasping of spiritual essences). These concepts were employed by Kant in an opposite sense: understanding, or intellect (in German, Verstand), as the ability to form concepts, and reason (in German, Vernunft) as the ability to form metaphysical ideas. This word usage became widespread in subsequent German philosophy and was definitively established by Hegel with his concepts of understanding (intellect) and reason. The former as a capacity for abstract-analytical differentiation is a preliminary condition for higher, rational, concrete-dialectical comprehension.

Since the end of the 19th century diverse quantitative methods for evaluating intellect, the level of mental development, by means of special tests and specific systems for statistical processing of these tests in factor analysis have become widespread in experimental psychology.

In animal psychology certain reactions of which higher animals, for the most part monkeys, are capable are regarded as intellect (or “manual thought”). Such reactions are characterized by sudden solutions of problems, easy reproduction of solutions once they have been discovered, their transfer to situations somewhat different from original ones, and, finally, a capacity to solve “two-phase” tasks.

In Soviet psychology the concept of intellect is used mainly in theory of individual-typological features of personality development (see B. M. Teplov, Problemy individual’nykh razlichii, Moscow, 1961, pp. 252–344). On a more general level intellect is a synonym for thought, the mental development of the individual.

IU. N. POPOV

INTELLECT

(language)
A query language written by Larry Harris in 1977, close to natural English.

Intellect

A natural language query program for IBM mainframes developed by Artificial Intelligence Corporation. The company was later acquired by Trinzic Corporation, which was acquired by Platinum, which was acquired by Computer Associates.
References in classic literature ?
When at long intervals we turn over their abstruse pages, wonderful seems the calm and grand air of these few, these great spiritual lords who have walked in the world,--these of the old religion,--dwelling in a worship which makes the sanctities of Christianity look parvenues and popular; for "persuasion is in soul, but necessity is in intellect.
This emancipation is dear to all men, and the power to impart it, as it must come from greater depth and scope of thought, is a measure of intellect.
1) Unlike his predecessors, de Libera argues that the subject-agent is not a modern creation but rather the fruit of debates over thinking and the self in the long Middle Ages, in which Aquinas's critique of Averroes' doctrine of the unity of intellect made a significant contribution.
Abstract: I will try to show how Suarez's model of praxis allows for the coordination of intellect and will to generate actions through the integration of ends.
Global Banking News-May 31, 2017--Swedish central bank adopts Intellect Quantum system
Intellect Design Arena Ltd a digital financial technology product provider for the banking and insurance, today announced that the Central Bank of Armenia (CBA), the primary financial institution in the Republic of Armenia, has selected Intellect Quantum Central Banking System for its Digital transformation.
They also discuss the relationship between social justice and intellect, sources of intellectual education, and imagining schooling for intellect.
1" addresses in condensed form a great many topics to which Plotinus elsewhere devotes extended discussion, including the problem of the multiple self; eternity and time; the unity-in-duality of intellect and the intelligible; and the derivation of intelligible being from the One.
Product Pipeline Review - 2015', provides an overview of the Intellect Neurosciences, Inc.
Intellect SEEC launched Intellect Risk Analyst, a cloud software for commercial insurers.
Commercial International Bank (CIB) in Egypt has gone live with Intellect Custody Solution.
Avicenna's and Averroes' interpretations of Aristotle's De anima III, 5, 430a10-25, have been explained by numerous contemporary scholars as a result of external influences; the adoption of the ontological status of agent intellect comes from the incorporation of Alexander of Aphrodisias' and Themistius' interpretations.