Intendants


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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Intendants

 

officials in 17th- and 18th-century France invested with judicial, police, financial, and partial military power. They were appointed by the king for a fixed term and were an instrument of the feudal absolutist government in centralizing the country, ensuring the payment of taxes, suppressing popular movements, and combatting separatism in several of the provinces. The intendants supplanted such old local officials as governors and treasurers and restricted the activity of the provincial parliaments. The office was abolished in 1789 and much of its power was given to the system of prefects.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The intendants' trumped-up claims to tax the allods forced the Dijonnais avocats not only to do research but to celebrate what was, for them, a living feudal jurisprudence.
More than 2.5 million voters were required by law to go to the polls to elect intendants and Juntas Deparamentales, or 31-members departmental councils.
Tocqueville argued that the central government, working through the intendants, had extended its tentacles so thoroughly over the countryside that nobles and well-to-do commoners no longer played a role in the administration of communities.
In the period on which this volume concentrates, the four intendants of commerce were particularly influential.
These powerful seigneurs had no ambitions to hold judicial or administrative positions, whether as secretaries of state, intendants or judges, and it was the new robe families that served in this capacity.
Reporting on the success of their actions to Bolivar, the intendants and commanding generals had some discordant observations in their accounts.
[beaucoup moins que] Une note, recue aujourd'hui, permettra de regulariser la situation de 830 fonctionnaires (enseignants et intendants) du secteur de l'education qui ont accede a une promotion [beaucoup plus grand que], a declare Mme Benghebrit a la presse, en marge d'une ceremonie organisee en l'honneur de Kheira Si Yakoub en tant que meilleur arbitre international de boxe en 2015.
However, under both Richelieu and his successor Cardinal Mazarin, royal intendants assumed a greater role in local administration, thereby contributing to a decline in the authority of some provincial estates.
Adams's real contribution is in his tracing of a national debate, involving royal intendants and regional parlements, local administrators and the republic of letters.