' trumped-up claims to tax the allods forced the Dijonnais avocats not only to do research but to celebrate what was, for them, a living feudal jurisprudence.
More than 2.5 million voters were required by law to go to the polls to elect intendants
and Juntas Deparamentales, or 31-members departmental councils.
Tocqueville argued that the central government, working through the intendants
, had extended its tentacles so thoroughly over the countryside that nobles and well-to-do commoners no longer played a role in the administration of communities.
In the period on which this volume concentrates, the four intendants
of commerce were particularly influential.
These powerful seigneurs had no ambitions to hold judicial or administrative positions, whether as secretaries of state, intendants
or judges, and it was the new robe families that served in this capacity.
Reporting on the success of their actions to Bolivar, the intendants
and commanding generals had some discordant observations in their accounts.
[beaucoup moins que] Une note, recue aujourd'hui, permettra de regulariser la situation de 830 fonctionnaires (enseignants et intendants
) du secteur de l'education qui ont accede a une promotion [beaucoup plus grand que], a declare Mme Benghebrit a la presse, en marge d'une ceremonie organisee en l'honneur de Kheira Si Yakoub en tant que meilleur arbitre international de boxe en 2015.
However, under both Richelieu and his successor Cardinal Mazarin, royal intendants
assumed a greater role in local administration, thereby contributing to a decline in the authority of some provincial estates.
Adams's real contribution is in his tracing of a national debate, involving royal intendants
and regional parlements, local administrators and the republic of letters.