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The tools available to measure force were not small enough to fit into intercellular spaces or sensitive enough to detect the miniscule movements within cell colonies.
Calcium movement within the plant is restricted to apoplastic pathways, such as intercellular spaces and xylem (Write & Broadley, 2003).
intercellular spaces. While binding to their receptors, inflammatory
The deposition of antibody in intercellular spaces causes the cells to detach from each other within the uppermost epidermal layers i.e.
Due to the cuticle being almost waterimpermeable, most of the leaf transpiration rate (E) results from the diffusion of water vapor through the stomata and values of E depend upon two main factors: i) difference of water vapor concentration between the intercellular spaces of leaves and external atmospheric mass; and ii) diffusion resistance to this pathway (TAIZ and ZEIGER, 2013).
Electron microscopy showed aggregates of desmosomes, normal corneodesmosomes, widening of intercellular spaces, and abnormal lipid secretion.
The spongy parenchyma with 2-3 layers is formed of thin walled, isodiametric parenchymatous cells with few intercellular spaces. Glandular hairs with a multicellular stalk and a multicellular head are observed.
The control group, LFD showed intact hepatocellular architecture and hepatocyte ultrastructure like normal intercellular spaces between hepatocytes, normal mitochondria (round or elongated) and rough endoplasmic reticuli (RER), and absence of lipid droplets (Fig.
Microvilli or villous filopodia extend into the glandular lumens or intercellular spaces created by these groupings.
These two stresses would have caused a denaturing of some RuDPCase and other enzymes essential for A, interfered with stomatal conductance, and lowered turgor of the leaves thus reducing the intercellular spaces of the mesophyll to make contact with available C[O.sub.2] and thus impair A.
Because the intercellular lipids organize into multilamellar complexes filling the intercellular spaces to provide a strong barrier against the entry of the exogenous drugs [4], approaches to overcome the skin barrier function have been investigated extensively to improve the skin permeability of drugs.