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An interjection, also known as an exclamation, is a word, phrase, or sound used to convey an emotion such as surprise, excitement, happiness, or anger. Interjections are very common in spoken English, but they appear in written English as well. Capable of standing alone, they are grammatically unrelated to any other part of a sentence.
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English part of speechpart of speech,
in traditional English grammar, any one of about eight major classes of words, based on the parts of speech of ancient Greek and Latin. The parts of speech are noun, verb, adjective, adverb, interjection, preposition, conjunction, and pronoun.
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 consisting of exclamatory words such as oh, alas, and ouch. They are marked by a feature of intonation that is usually shown in writing by an exclamation point (see punctuationpunctuation
[Lat.,=point], the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used; the term also refers to the signs themselves. In every language, besides the sounds of the words that are strung together there are other features, such as tone, accent, and pauses,
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). Many languages have classes like interjections.



a part of speech that includes invariable words which are usually not morphologically divisible and which appear in speech as one-unit sentences. Interjections fulfill an expressive or hortatory function, expressing, for example, the speaker’s feelings (Oh!; Oho!), a call (Hey!; Chick-chick!), or an order (Shoo!). They can be expressed by sounds and sound clusters that are not typical for a given language, for example, the labial trilled resonant (tpru!, “Whoa!”) or the combination [d‘z’] (dzin’-dzin\ “dingdong”).

References in classic literature ?
Inspector Gregory was full of his case, and poured out a stream of remarks, while Holmes threw in an occasional question or interjection.
Powderell, a retired iron-monger of some standing--his interjection being something between a laugh and a Parliamentary disapproval; "we must let you have your say.
At such intervals, after a few moments of abstraction, Ralph would mutter some peevish interjection, and apply himself with renewed steadiness of purpose to the ledger before him, but again and again the same train of thought came back despite all his efforts to prevent it, confusing him in his calculations, and utterly distracting his attention from the figures over which he bent.
Then silent, scarcely uttering an interjection of admiration, they gazed, they contemplated.
At the sight of this phenomenon, the fat boy uttered an interjection, the ladies a scream, and the gentleman an oath, almost simultaneously.
With this interjection, the knife descended on the puff, and it was in two, but the result was not satisfactory to Tom, for he still eyed the halves doubtfully.
Flinging this final interjection at Miss Sally with immeasurable scorn and contempt, Sampson Brass thrust his head into his desk, as if to shut the base world from his view, and breathed defiance from under its half-closed lid.
Fast and furious, but initially lacking in true clarity, needing more bite from woodwind interjections and crucial timpani.
From a formidable opening solo - with magical electronic interjections - it moved through exuberant instrumental dialogue and moments of chamber-music intimacy to a wonderfully effective final flourish.
Dressed in a colourless set of 70s outfits, Ms Webb's drab character moves on through self-indulgent wailings interrupted by occasional interjections from her anxious 'Mum' at home.
The band's composer and conductor Sid Peacock appeared to be a well-adjusted individual in the bar earlier, but once he climbs in front of his music stand he becomes a twitchy, wildly gesticulating hyperactive sort, yelling interjections and barking out instructions to his players.
The finale of Vierne's Third Symphony, tumultuous with its gurgling pedal interjections, ushered in the weighty drama of Messiaen's L'Apparition du Christ ressuscite, demonstrating the fabulous tuning of the organ's profoundest notes.