Interlibrary Loan

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Interlibrary Loan


a library service assuring optimal satisfaction of readers’ requests by the sharing of holdings of different libraries.

In prerevolutionary Russia a few libraries offered this service in rare instances. Soon after the October Revolution of 1917, an interlibrary loan system was organized on Lenin’s initiative. In view of the modern scientific and technical revolution, interlibrary loan services have become especially important as a means of satisfying the increasingly complex requests for information of scientific workers and specialists on the national economy. In 1969 the Ministry of Culture of the USSR issued the Statute on the Universal State System of Interlibrary Loan of the USSR. The system is organized according to region and branch of knowledge, and its main structural links are the all-Union and regional centers. The V. I. Lenin State Library of the USSR serves as the interlibrary loan center for the entire country.

In 1973 more than 60,000 libraries provided loan services. Readers receive publications for industrial or scientific work through the libraries nearest to their place of residence or work. The publication is ordered in the prescribed manner on a special order form. Soviet libraries send out originals, microfilms, or other reproductions of both domestic and foreign publications, excluding manuscripts, dissertations, and newspaper files. Publications not available in the largest libraries of the USSR may be ordered from abroad. In 1973, 40 Soviet libraries participated in interlibrary loan with 527 libraries in 55 foreign countries. Abroad, the interlibrary loan system is widely used in Great Britain, the USA, Bulgaria, Hungary, and other countries.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
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It has reduced training requirements and streamlined the request management processes, with staff now needing only to learn how to use Relais to be able to process all interlibrary loan and document delivery requests.
Alicita Rodriguez thanks Patrick Muckleroy, Interlibrary Loan Librarian at Western State College of Colorado, who worked quickly and diligently to fulfill all loan requests, and Joseph Starr for extensive and careful proofreading as well as astute suggestions.
The Interlibrary Loan committee came up with a way to share the work of processing interlibrary loan requests that was easy to understand, efficient, and fair.