Interlibrary Loan


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Interlibrary Loan

 

a library service assuring optimal satisfaction of readers’ requests by the sharing of holdings of different libraries.

In prerevolutionary Russia a few libraries offered this service in rare instances. Soon after the October Revolution of 1917, an interlibrary loan system was organized on Lenin’s initiative. In view of the modern scientific and technical revolution, interlibrary loan services have become especially important as a means of satisfying the increasingly complex requests for information of scientific workers and specialists on the national economy. In 1969 the Ministry of Culture of the USSR issued the Statute on the Universal State System of Interlibrary Loan of the USSR. The system is organized according to region and branch of knowledge, and its main structural links are the all-Union and regional centers. The V. I. Lenin State Library of the USSR serves as the interlibrary loan center for the entire country.

In 1973 more than 60,000 libraries provided loan services. Readers receive publications for industrial or scientific work through the libraries nearest to their place of residence or work. The publication is ordered in the prescribed manner on a special order form. Soviet libraries send out originals, microfilms, or other reproductions of both domestic and foreign publications, excluding manuscripts, dissertations, and newspaper files. Publications not available in the largest libraries of the USSR may be ordered from abroad. In 1973, 40 Soviet libraries participated in interlibrary loan with 527 libraries in 55 foreign countries. Abroad, the interlibrary loan system is widely used in Great Britain, the USA, Bulgaria, Hungary, and other countries.

N. G. SAMOKHINA

References in periodicals archive ?
Developed by staff at the Colorado State University (CSU) Libraries, RapidILLs flagship product, also named RapidILL, serves more than 330 institutions, which benefit from a fast, cost-effective request and delivery service for interlibrary loans. RapidILL will continue to offer its current solutions, with support from Ex Libris.
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Lastly, for 2004, Chan reported on the first such program with an international scope, the University of Hong Kong (HKU) Library's Overseas Book Loan Initiative, which was implemented "to purchase interlibrary loan requests for locally unavailable monographs instead of borrowing them from overseas" (p.
The proliferation of new sources of scholarly information, coupled with more ways of identifying sources, challenges already strained budgets and stressed interlibrary loan (ILL) operations.
The budget cuts cost the library its certification in January, and interlibrary loan privileges will cease.
Topics addressed in these "Fast Facts" from 2009 include interlibrary loan in academic libraries, public librarian salaries, book, newspaper, and periodical prices from 2004 to 2010, and results from the Value of the MLIS Degree survey.
It has reduced training requirements and streamlined the request management processes, with staff now needing only to learn how to use Relais to be able to process all interlibrary loan and document delivery requests.
Alicita Rodriguez thanks Patrick Muckleroy, Interlibrary Loan Librarian at Western State College of Colorado, who worked quickly and diligently to fulfill all loan requests, and Joseph Starr for extensive and careful proofreading as well as astute suggestions.
The Interlibrary Loan committee came up with a way to share the work of processing interlibrary loan requests that was easy to understand, efficient, and fair.