international date line

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Related to International Dateline: GMT, Time zones

international date line,

imaginary line on the earth's surface, generally following the 180° meridian of longitudelongitude
, angular distance on the earth's surface measured along any latitude line such as the equator east or west of the prime meridian. A meridian of longitude is an imaginary line on the earth's surface from pole to pole; two opposite meridians form a great circle dividing
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, where, by international agreement, travelers change dates. Traveling eastward across the line, one subtracts one calendar day; traveling westward, one adds a day. The date line is necessary to avoid a confusion that would otherwise result. For example, if an airplane were to travel westward with the sun, 24 hr would elapse as it circled the globe, but it would still be the same day for those in the airplane while it would be one day later for those on the ground below them. The same problem would arise if two travelers journeyed in opposite directions to a point on the opposite side of the earth, 180° of longitude distant. The eastward traveler would set his clock ahead 1 hr for each 15° of longitude (see standard timestandard time,
civil time used within a given time zone. The earth is divided into 24 time zones, each of which is about 15° of longitude wide and corresponds to one hour of time. Within a zone all civil clocks are set to the same local solar time.
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), so that his clock would gain a total of 12 hr; the westward traveler would set his clock back 1 hr for each 15°, resulting in a total loss of 12 hr. The two clocks would therefore differ by 24 hr, or one calendar day. The apparent paradox is resolved by requiring that the traveler crossing the date line change his date, thus bringing the travelers into agreement when they meet. The international date line does not follow the 180° meridian along its entire course but bends eastward around the eastern tip of Siberia, westward around the Aleutian Islands, and eastward again around various island groups in the South Pacific (mostly extremely around Kiribati) to avoid a date change within island nations and territories or between important trade partners.

date line, international:

see international date lineinternational date line,
imaginary line on the earth's surface, generally following the 180° meridian of longitude, where, by international agreement, travelers change dates.
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.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved. www.cc.columbia.edu/cu/cup/

international date line

[¦in·tər¦nash·ən·əl ′dāt ‚līn]
(astronomy)
A jagged arbitrary line, roughly equal to the 180° meridian, where a date change occurs: if the line is crossed from east to west a day is skipped, if from west to east the same day is repeated.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.

international date line

international date line
The Greenwich antimeridian, or 180° longitude. The international date line, however, does not follow the Greenwich antimeridian exactly but is distorted to place inhabited areas definitely on one side or the other of the line to avoid a difference in date in an inhabited area. Also called a calendar line or a date line.
An Illustrated Dictionary of Aviation Copyright © 2005 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

International Date Line

the line approximately following the 180? meridian from Greenwich on the east side of which the date is one day earlier than on the west
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
Years ago, it literally bent the international dateline around the island - until then it was one of the last places to celebrate the New Year.
"It is unlikely that the International Dateline Hotel will change it's name, and as far as I am aware there have been no lost bookings," adds Taumoepeau.
Like the conventional International Dateline, the ILD divides the world into days.
I am not so sure that, at present, they know enough to discern this, for it is not easy, as we know, to tell ourselves immediately whether we have gained or lost a day of our lives when we cross the international dateline.
Looking at temperature records of the equatorial Pacific going back to 1900, Barnett last week found indications that the average regional temperature west of the international dateline climbed considerably between the 1950s and mid-1970s.
During an El Nino, warm surface waters from the western tropical Pacific migrate eastward along the equator towards the International Dateline.
Tonga, located near the international dateline, was one of the first nations to greet 2014, holding a prayer festival that culminated with a bamboo "cannon" fired into the air.
After receiving clearance for takeoff, Wiegand was able to ride a 70-knot tailwind and reached up to 280 mph during the almost 12-hour flight across the International Dateline.
The international dateline is coming to Music Worcester Inc.
(Fukuoka is 19 hours ahead of Honolulu and the flight crosses the International Dateline.) Hawaiian will initially operate the Honolulu-Fukuoka flights using its wide-body, twin-aisle Boeing 767-300ER aircraft that seats up to 264 passengers, before introducing its new and larger wide-body, twin-aisle 294-seat Airbus A330-200 aircraft onto the route.
London, Dec 29 (ANI): 30th December will be a day that never existed for the natives of an island in the Pacific Ocean, as it will make a historic leap across the international dateline.

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