International Labor Organization


Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Financial, Wikipedia.
Related to International Labor Organization: United Nations

International Labor Organization

(ILO), specialized agency of the United Nations, with headquarters in Geneva. It was created in 1919 by the Versailles Treaty and affiliated with the League of Nations until 1945, when it voted to sever ties with the League. In 1946 it became the first specialized agency of the United Nations. Although not a member of the League, the United States joined the ILO in 1934. Through international action and by bringing together representatives of government, employers, and labor, the ILO seeks to improve labor conditions, promote a higher standard of living, and further social justice. Promotion of international accord on such matters as regulation of hours of work, provision of adequate wages, protection of workers against occupational disease and injury, and protection of women and children and of those who work outside their own countries (who may be forced into labor through deceptive recruiting practices) accounts for much of its activities. The ILO consists of a general conference of representatives of the members (four from each member state—two from the government, an employer, and a worker) that meets once a year, a governing body of 56 people (28 representing governments, 14 employers, and 14 labor) that meets three times a year, and an International Labor Office controlled by the governing body. The ILO is financed by contributions from member states; 187 countries belong to the organization. Protesting the political policies of the organization, the United States withdrew from the ILO between 1977 and 1980. The ILO received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969. The organization puts out a number of publications containing statistics on labor and advice for workers.

Bibliography

See D. A. Morse, The Origin and Evolution of the I.L.O. and Its Role in the World Community (1969); C. W. Jenks, Social Justice and the Law of Nations (1970); A. E. Alcock, History of the International Labour Organisation (1971); V. Y. Ghebali, The International Labour Organisation (1989); M. Imber, The USA, ILO, UNESCO and IAEA (1989).

International Labor Organization

(I.L.O.) agency of the United Nations; aim is to improve labor and living conditions. [World Hist.: EB, V: 389–390]
See: Labor
References in periodicals archive ?
Director of the Technical Support Team of the Office of the International Labor Organization for Central and Eastern Europe Markus Pilgrim said they trained or provided extra qualifications for around 2000 persons within this project and 550 of them got new jobs.
BEIRUT: The Labor Ministry signed a memorandum of understanding with the International Labor Organization Sunday, marking the start of Lebanon's first "Decent Work Country Program."
We encourage this bipartite agreement that leads to successful policies, laws and programs," said Antonio Graziosi, President of the International labor Organization.
The International Labor Organization (ILO) is a United Nations agency dealing with labor issues, particularly international labor standards, social protection, and work opportunities for all.
As one of the founders of the International Labor Organization (ILO), Iran plays a key role in the international body.
Meanwhile, Edam indicated that the Director of the standards at the International Labor Organization will inaugurate the works of the Advisory National Committee for Work Standards which is chaired by the Undersecretary of the Ministry of Labor and Administrative Reform, adding that the ILO official will take part at the workshop of the informal economy, and the plan of the ILO.
The International Labor Organization report, released last year, offered several grim statistics: nearly half of Afghans don't have enough to eat; 18 percent of children under 15 years old are working; and 82 percent of Afghans are illiterate.
She said the committee must work in collaboration with the International Labor Organization in order to reduce the number of working children.
Summary: The International Labor Organization (ILO) claims that up to 51 million jobs globally could be lost dueC*
International Labor Organization (ILO) and a local nongovernmental organization.
Myanmar, also known as Burma, has officially outlawed forced labor, but the International Labor Organization has years of documentation that the government allows it.
In that same essay, Wallach also explained that she supports "a global regime of rules," including expanding WTO authority to cover more than trade issues, and "empowering institutions such as the International Labor Organization ...

Encyclopedia browser ?
Full browser ?