International Labor Organization

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International Labor Organization

(ILO), specialized agency of the United Nations, with headquarters in Geneva. It was created in 1919 by the Versailles Treaty and affiliated with the League of Nations until 1945, when it voted to sever ties with the League. In 1946 it became the first specialized agency of the United Nations. Although not a member of the League, the United States joined the ILO in 1934. Through international action and by bringing together representatives of government, employers, and labor, the ILO seeks to improve labor conditions, promote a higher standard of living, and further social justice. Promotion of international accord on such matters as regulation of hours of work, provision of adequate wages, protection of workers against occupational disease and injury, and protection of women and children and of those who work outside their own countries (who may be forced into labor through deceptive recruiting practices) accounts for much of its activities. The ILO consists of a general conference of representatives of the members (four from each member state—two from the government, an employer, and a worker) that meets once a year, a governing body of 56 people (28 representing governments, 14 employers, and 14 labor) that meets three times a year, and an International Labor Office controlled by the governing body. The ILO is financed by contributions from member states; 187 countries belong to the organization. Protesting the political policies of the organization, the United States withdrew from the ILO between 1977 and 1980. The ILO received the Nobel Peace Prize in 1969. The organization puts out a number of publications containing statistics on labor and advice for workers.

Bibliography

See D. A. Morse, The Origin and Evolution of the I.L.O. and Its Role in the World Community (1969); C. W. Jenks, Social Justice and the Law of Nations (1970); A. E. Alcock, History of the International Labour Organisation (1971); V. Y. Ghebali, The International Labour Organisation (1989); M. Imber, The USA, ILO, UNESCO and IAEA (1989).

International Labor Organization

(I.L.O.) agency of the United Nations; aim is to improve labor and living conditions. [World Hist.: EB, V: 389–390]
See: Labor
References in periodicals archive ?
This publication of the International Labour Organization summarizes a review of the codes of practice of Six Asian Countries, i.e., India, Indonesia, Malaysia, the Philippines, Singapore and Thailand.
The International Labour Organization (ILO) started observing the World Day for Safety and Health at Work on April 28, 2003.
During a meeting with newly-appointed Country Director of International Labour Organization in Pakistan Ms Ingrid Christensen, he appreciated efforts of the ILO, European Union and other donor agencies for holding successful South Asia Labour Conference in the city.
Minister of Labour and Social Protection of Kazakhstan Tamara Duisenova presenting the bill at the plenary session noted that the Labour Code of Kazakhstan fully meets the requirements of the international convention of the International Labour Organization.
While British writers have only recently begun to promote the idea of forging a global social policy, international agencies such as the International Labour Organization, the United Nations Children's Fund (UNICEF) and the World Health organization have been actively engaged in this task for decades.
GENEVA -- An International Labour Organization commission will look at ways to turn globalization into a tool for reducing poverty and unemployment, while fostering growth and sustainable development.
International Labour Organization. Managing Contract Migration: Philippine Experience Observed.
ISLAMABAD -- Mohammad Usman Dar, Special Assistant to the Prime Minister on Youth Affairs held a meeting with Gabriel Bordado, ILO's specialist on skills and employ-ability to explore possible avenues of mutual collaboration with International Labour Organization (ILO) in order to enhance quality of demand-driven skills training for ensuring better employment opportunities for youth both locally and internationally.
The increased commitment was made at the Third Pacific Alliance Youth Summit in Cali, Colombia this week, attended by the President of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos Caldern, representatives from the governments of Chile, Colombia, Mexico and Peru, the Government of Switzerland, International Labour Organization, World Bank, Inter-American Development Bank, entrepreneurs and young people.
The Global Strategy for Infant and Young Child Feeding (WHO 2003) recommends critical interventions such as the implementation and monitoring of the International Code of Marketing of Breast-milk Substitutes and the subsequent relevant World Health Assembly resolutions; the adoption and monitoring of maternity entitlements consistent with the International Labour Organization (ILO) Maternity Protection Convention (ILO 2000); and the expanded implementation of the WHO/UNICEF Baby-Friendly Hospital Initiative (WHO/UNICEF 1992).
This monograph by the International Labour Organization has been prepared within the framework of an inter-regional project on improving labour market information systems in developing countries.
Implementing Organisation(s): International Labour Organization

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