International Meteorological Organizations

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

International Meteorological Organizations

 

organizations created for international cooperation in meteorology. The principal international meteorological organization is the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).

In addition to the WMO, international cooperation in meteorology is exercised by other meteorological organizations, whose activity as a rule is coordinated with the WMO. Thus, the International Union of Geodesy and Geophysics has the following organizations: the International Association of Meteorology and Atmospheric Physics (since 1919), the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research (since 1957), the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (since 1958), the International Commission on Polar Meteorology, and the Intergovernmental Oceano-graphic Commission (since 1961), which deals with cooperation in marine meteorology. The development of meteorological research in oceanic and polar regions on the basis of observations from a wider network of oceanic stations (weather ships, buoy stations, artificial earth satellites) is an important area of international cooperation within the framework of the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission, the Scientific Committee on Oceanic Research, and the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research.

I. V. KRAVCHENKO

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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In 1984, he was awarded the International Meteorological Organization Prize "for scientific eminence and a record of work done in the field of international meteorological organizations." In 1997, he was selected by a jury of 12 scientists from eight countries to receive the International Saint Francis of Assisi Prize for the Environment "for his role as initiator of major international and interdisciplinary environmental research programs."

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