International Peace Bureau


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International Peace Bureau

(IPB), organization est. 1891 in Bern, Switerland, by Fredrik BajerBajer, Fredrik
, 1837–1922, Danish pacifist and writer. He helped found the International Peace Bureau at Bern in 1891, and he shared the 1908 Nobel Peace Prize with K. P. Arnoldson.
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 and other members of the third World Peace Congress. Dedicated to promoting world peace, it brought together various European pacifist groups and coordinated their activities. It advocated disarmament and took positions on international conflicts. Extremely influential, the IPB was the voice of the world peace movement in the 1890s and early 1900s, and in 1910 was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. After World War I, with the formation of the League of NationsLeague of Nations,
former international organization, established by the peace treaties that ended World War I. Like its successor, the United Nations, its purpose was the promotion of international peace and security.
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 (which the IPB promoted) and other peace organizations, the IPB waned in importance, and it ceased operation during World War II. Shortly thereafter, some of its former members founded the Liaison Committee of Organizations for Peace (ILCOP), which later was granted the IPB's assets and took the name International Peace Bureau in 1964. It merged with the International Confederation for Disarmament and Peace in 1984. Based in Geneva, the organization has a membership that now includes 265 international, national, and local peace organizations from more than 60 countries and many individuals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Reardon is an initiator of graduate courses and a long serving instructor at Columbia University Teachers College, founding director emeritus of the International Institute on Peace Education, founding academic director of the Global Campaign for Peace Education for the Hague Appeal for Peace, and winner of the 2010 Sean McBride Peace Prize awarded by the International Peace Bureau in Geneva.
Disarmament for Development in the 21st Century, International Peace Bureau, Geneva, Switzerland, 100 pp.
It also acts as an introduction to a new project launched by the International Peace Bureau as part of its Human Security program.
The real Adi Roche has represented the peace-keeping spirit of this country internationally, as a director of the International Peace Bureau - a body which has won the Nobel Peace Prize.
Project Ploughshares, with the support of its Anti-Nuclear-War Fund, co-sponsored a conference with the United Nations NGO Committee on Disarmament and the International Peace Bureau on the state of the Non-Proliferation Treaty regime.
Heffermehl, 2000, Geneva: International Peace Bureau, Switzerland, US $20.

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