International Peace Bureau


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International Peace Bureau

(IPB), organization est. 1891 in Bern, Switerland, by Fredrik BajerBajer, Fredrik
, 1837–1922, Danish pacifist and writer. He helped found the International Peace Bureau at Bern in 1891, and he shared the 1908 Nobel Peace Prize with K. P. Arnoldson.
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 and other members of the third World Peace Congress. Dedicated to promoting world peace, it brought together various European pacifist groups and coordinated their activities. It advocated disarmament and took positions on international conflicts. Extremely influential, the IPB was the voice of the world peace movement in the 1890s and early 1900s, and in 1910 was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. After World War I, with the formation of the League of NationsLeague of Nations,
former international organization, established by the peace treaties that ended World War I. Like its successor, the United Nations, its purpose was the promotion of international peace and security.
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 (which the IPB promoted) and other peace organizations, the IPB waned in importance, and it ceased operation during World War II. Shortly thereafter, some of its former members founded the Liaison Committee of Organizations for Peace (ILCOP), which later was granted the IPB's assets and took the name International Peace Bureau in 1964. It merged with the International Confederation for Disarmament and Peace in 1984. Based in Geneva, the organization has a membership that now includes 265 international, national, and local peace organizations from more than 60 countries and many individuals.
References in periodicals archive ?
Douglas Roche, a former chairman of the United Nations' Disarmament Committee, was nominated for the prize Feb, 1 by the International Peace Bureau, an international coalition of 300 member organizations in 70 countries.
A two-day conference organized by the International Peace Bureau and Movement for the Abolition of War in association with the Imperial War Museum.
She was committed to this all her life, also as Vice-President of the International Peace Bureau (1994-1998).
We were addressed by the eminent anti-war campaigner Bruce Kent, General Secretary of CND and representative of the International Peace Bureau.
The Hague Agenda also calls for a progressive reduction of all military budgets and for a reversal of priorities "so that human security, not national security, becomes the first concern of governments," says Hague Appeal president Cora Weiss of the Geneva-based International Peace Bureau.
Others joining Jaishankar and Abdullah included Maj-Britt Theorin of Sweden, chairwoman of the International Peace Bureau, Mitsuru Kurosawa, a professor at Osaka University, and international peace activist Kate Dewes of New Zealand.
He is also president of an International Peace Bureau.
HE became the first recipient of the Sean MacBride Peace Prize of the International Peace Bureau in Helsinki in 1992

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