International Refugee Organization


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International Refugee Organization

(IRO), temporary agency of the United NationsUnited Nations
(UN), international organization established immediately after World War II. It replaced the League of Nations. In 1945, when the UN was founded, there were 51 members; 193 nations are now members of the organization (see table entitled United Nations Members).
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, established in 1946. In arranging for the care and the repatriation or resettlement of Europeans made homeless by World War II, the organization brought to a conclusion part of the work of the United Nations Relief and Rehabilitation AdministrationUnited Nations Relief and Rehabilitation Administration
(UNRRA), organization founded (1943) during World War II to give aid to areas liberated from the Axis powers. There were finally 52 participating countries, each of which contributed funds amounting to 2% of its national
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. IRO terminated its work in 1952, having resettled c.1,000,000 persons. It was superseded by the Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for RefugeesUnited Nations High Commissioner for Refugees, Office of the
(UNHCR), established Dec. 14, 1950, by the General Assembly. It superseded the International Refugee Organization.
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.

Bibliography

See L. W. Holborn, The International Refugee Organization (1956).

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