International Rivers

Rivers, International

 

in international law, rivers crossing several countries. Among the largest international rivers are the Danube and Rhine in Europe, the Congo and Niger in Africa, the Colorado and Rio Grande in North America, and the Amazon and Rio de la Plata in South America.

Riparian states have jurisdiction over the parts of international rivers that flow through their territory. This means that all foreign vessels sailing on international rivers must observe the rules of navigation established by the countries through whose waters they are traveling. The laws governing the use of the most important international rivers are established by agreements between all the riparian states. In these instances, the interested countries create special commissions to regulate navigation on the international river. Commissions are also formed to resolve problems relating to the economic use of the rivers, fishing, and pollution control. The USSR has concluded such agreements with Norway, Finland, Poland, Czechoslovakia, Turkey, Iran, and other countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
Critics of the project, including the Berkeley, California-based International Rivers Network, suggest that the certificate of approval issued by the National Environmental Management Authority (NEMA) fails to adequately address these concerns.
Our guests are finding that river travel is one of the most affordable and fun ways to experience all that this beautiful country has to offer," said Brian Stevenson, international rivers expert and founder of Dancing Water Expeditions.
According to the International Rivers Network [1847 Berkeley Way, Berkeley, CA 94703, www.
That is the message of the International Rivers Network, the Environmental Defense Fund and other environmental groups as they called on the World Bank in September to debar companies accused of bribing the former head of a major and controversial Bank-funded dam project in Southern Africa [see "Making the Earth Rumble: The Lesotho-South African Water Connection," Multinational Monitor, May 1996].
There is a rapidly growing global movement for living rivers," said International Rivers Network (IRN) Director Juliette Majot.
The meeting was organized by the Brazilian Movement of People Affected by Dams (MAB) with help from the International Rivers Network and an international committee including India's Save the Narmada Movement (NBA), the Biobio Action Group from Chile (GABB) and the France-based European Rivers Network.
International Rivers Network (IRN) has been a long-time supporter of the Narmada Bachao Andolan.
This is phenomenal," says International Rivers Network Executive Director Owen Lammers.
Namibia, Botswana and Angola are participating in UN-brokered talks on planning for future water needs in the Okavango Basin--and the Berkeley-based International Rivers Network is trying to come up with alternative water solutions for Namibia.
Minister of Legal Affairs and Parliamentary Councils Mofid Shehab reiterated that international laws governing international rivers prohibit any of the countries through which the river passes from any act that would hamper navigation, affect its water or threaten the interests of other countries.
International Rivers urged the AfDB to not fund the construction of Gibe III saying it will reduce food security of up to half a million poor farmers, herders and fishers in southwest Ethiopia and northern Kenya.
Just one year after the World Commission on Dams report described a better way to plan for energy needs, it is deeply frustrating that the World Bank would choose to support another environmentally destructive, economically risky dam that is likely to fail its development goals," says Lori Pottinger of the International Rivers Network.

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