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(ĭs`ĭn), capital of an ancient Semitic kingdom of N Babylonia. The city became important after the third dynasty of Ur fell to the Elamites and the Amorites (c.2025 B.C.). The phase from c.2025–c.1763 B.C. is sometimes called the Isin-Larsa period. Many city-states vied with one another, but Isin and Larsa were the most powerful of these. Excavations have brought to light the law code of King Lipit-Ishtar of Isin. This code is one of several codes that predate the stele of Hammurabi.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



an ancient city in the southern part of Mesopotamia (the contemporary site Ishaq-bahriyiat in Iraq), located about 20 km south of the ancient city of Nippur (modern Niffer). Isin was the main site of the cult of the goddess Nininsina, revered in the ancient cities of Mesopotamia under the name of Gula, “the great healer.” After the fall of the third dynasty of Ur (end of the 21st century B.C.), Isin became the capital of the kingdom of the same name.

For almost 150 years the dynasty of the kings of Isin, who came from Mari (on the Euphrates), was one of the most powerful in southern Mesopotamia. Under the fifth king of Isin, Lipit-Ishtar (second half of the 20th century B.C.), the laws of Isin were recorded. These, together with the laws of the Sumerian king Ur-Nammu (end of the 21st century B.C.), were precursors of the code of Hammurabi.

At the end of the 19th century B.C., Isin was conquered by the king of Larsa, Rim-Sin, and at the beginning of the 18th century by the Babylonian king Hammurabi. The second rise of Isin occurred at the end of the second millennium B.C. under the rulers of the second dynasty of Isin. The later fate of Isin has not been established, since the city has not yet been excavated.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Singapore, Singapore, May 16, 2014 --( IAHG [International Advanced Healing Group, Ltd.], the Singapore-based wound management technology group, is pleased to announce that it has received its ISIN (International Securities Identification Number) which will enable private shareholders with the ability to track their holdings in the company's stock.
Singapore, Singapore, October 17, 2013 --( IAHG (International Advanced Healing Group), the Singapore-based wound management technology group, along with its wholly owned US based subsidiary AHI (Advanced Health Institute) has submitted an application for an ISIN (International Securities Identification Number) which will provide shareholders with increased ability to track their holdings in the company's stock as well as serving as regulated identification of the company's securities for trading and settlement purposes.
An International Securities Identification Number (ISIN) uniquely identifies a security.
Sitharaman said user-friendliness of trading platforms for corporate bonds will be reviewed, including issues arising out of capping of International Securities Identification Numbers. (ANI)
The European Commission announced, on 15 November, that it had made legally binding the commitments made by Standard & Poor's (S&P) to abolish licensing fees that banks pay for the use of US international securities identification numbers (ISIN) in the European Economic Area.
The authority's meeting, chaired by Sultan Bin Saeed Al Mansouri, Minister of Economy, and attended by Central Bank Governor Sultan Bin Nasser Al Suwaidi, also approved the implementation of ISIN, or International Securities Identification Numbers, on securities traded in UAE financial markets.

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