International Straits

Straits, International

 

in international law, straits used for international navigation and therefore open to ships of all countries under equal conditions. Freedom of the high seas is a generally recognized principle of international law, and the legal regime that applies to the high seas also applies to straits that link two parts of the high seas and that are important international waterways. International straits are free for navigation by ships of all nations, regardless of whether or not they overlap with the territorial waters of littoral states. Among such international straits are the Strait of Gibraltar, La Manche (the English Channel), Pas de Calais (the Strait of Dover), Bab el Mandeb, Singapore Strait, and the Strait of Magellan.

International straits that are the only outlet from enclosed seas to the high seas have a special legal status. The rules of navigation in such straits are regulated by special international agreements that in many cases contain restrictions on entry into enclosed seas by warships of countries without coastlines on those seas.

References in periodicals archive ?
-HM King and Egyptian president: confronting all forms of terrorism, especially Iran-backed terror and protecting international straits. -HM King sends cable of congratulations to Tobago and Trinidad president on National Day.
claim that the NWP is an international straits rests on a plain meaning interpretation of Article 37 of the 1982 UNCLOS which states that international strait s are straits which are used for international navigation between one part of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone and another part of the high seas or an exclusive economic zone.
It also endangers international navigation, the Council noted, calling such an attack as a dangerous indicator of the risks that civil and commercial ships and vessels encounter by these militias in one of the most significant international straits. It called the UN and UNSC to take immediate and effective action in order to stop the terrorism of Houthis and their supporters.
Navy to operate in Canada's many northwest-southeast and east-west Arctic waterways as though they were governed by the international straits regime, as the United States has insisted.
The voyage, which was made without the previous authorization of Canada, was based on the legal assumption that the waters between the islands of the Canadian archipelago were subject to the regimes of either freedom of navigation (applicable on the high seas) or right of passage (applicable in international straits) (Pharand y Legault, 1984; Pharand, 2007: 3).
UNCLOS-82 also guarantees the right to transit passage through international straits and the right to exercise high seas freedom in exclusive economic zone.
UnCLos-82 alsoguarantees the right to transit passage through international straits and the right to exercise high seas freedom in exclusive economic zone.
Foremost among the rights afforded to foreign vessels (and aircraft) in international straits is the unimpeded right of transit passage, implying that the adjacent strait state cannot bar or suspend such passage or engage in activities that may have the practical effect of doing so, including demands such as prior consent/authorization for passage through these waters.
"We emphasize that our forces will be sent to different international straits, waterways, oceans and seas," Khadem Biqam said addressing a forum in the Northern city of Noshahr on Wednesday.
Iran is bound by a 1958 convention which provides for "innocent passage" of vessels in international straits. Innocent passage means all vessels have a right to sail through territorial waters of a country as long as they do not prejudice the peace or security of a coastal state.

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