trade union

(redirected from International union)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Legal, Financial.

trade union:

see union, laborunion, labor,
association of workers for the purpose of improving their economic status and working conditions through collective bargaining with employers. Historically there have been two chief types of unions: the horizontal, or craft, union, in which all the members are
..... Click the link for more information.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.

Trade union

A combination of trades organized for the purpose of promoting their common interests with regard to wages, hours of work safety measurements, unemployment compensation, and other benefits.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved

trade(s) union

an employee organization primarily concerned with improving the conditions and rewards of the working lives of its members. Sociological analysis of trade unions has involved:
  1. distinguishing them from other forms of employee organizations;
  2. explaining their emergence, the forms they have taken, the objectives they have pursued, and the strategies they have adopted;
  3. examining trade-union government, levels of member involvement, and trade-union democracy;
  4. consideration of the impact of trade unions on work and wider society.

Internationally, differences in overall patterns of trade-union organization (e.g. number of unions, degree of centralization and involvement in government and level of membership) are striking; sociologists have also been interested in the implications of these differences.

Trade unions can be distinguished from PROFESSIONS, which are fully in control of the content of specific areas of work and often also able to control recruitment, and also from staff associations, which, as largely management-sponsored organizations, are often limited to a consultative role (see also UNIONATENESS).

Explanations for the emergence of, and variations in types and objectives of, trade unions have occasioned considerable debate. Fundamentally, however, trade unions can be regarded as attempts to offset the unequal relationship between employees and employers under capitalism (see also CAPITALIST LABOUR CONTRACT). Differences in the manner and degree to which different categories of workers were able to enhance their bargaining capacity accounted for historical differences between different kinds of trade-union organization, e.g. distinctions between ‘craft’, ‘general’ and ‘industrial’ unions. More recently, distinctions between different types of trade union have tended to break down, with the proliferation of new ‘market-based unions’ (i.e. accepting single union, single status, flexible working, no-strike agreements), and a debate within the trade union movement between ‘traditionalists’ and ‘new realists’. The problems currently facing unions in Britain are those arising from the restructuring of the national and international economy, decline in membership (particularly in manufacturing), anti-trade- union legislation and reduced union political influence (see also CORPORATISM) Analysis of the internal dynamics of trade unions has been largely concerned with testing MICHELS’ thesis that as political organizations grow larger they become less democratic and more conservative (see also IRON LAW OF OLIGARCHY). Conclusive statements on this issue are difficult given the various measures of democracy that exist (e.g. responsive leadership, institutionalized opposition, active participation, effective representation of members’ interests). It is clear, however, that variations in levels of ‘democracy’ are related to the characteristics of the membership of a union (e.g. social status) and the context in which the union operates (see also LIPSET).

A main strand of sociological debate about the social impact and effectiveness of trade unions has concerned their implications for CLASS CONSCIOUSNESS and whether they constitute any kind of threat to capitalism. Explanations for what are in fact usually seen as relatively limited trade-union objectives -at least in Britain – have focused on:

  1. the way in which they have segmented the labour movement by organizing around the stratification of occupations;
  2. the emergence of institutions through which conflict has become institutionalized and regulated; and
Collins Dictionary of Sociology, 3rd ed. © HarperCollins Publishers 2000
References in periodicals archive ?
International Union for Conservation of Nature ( IUCN), in red list, has noted that the current population of Asiatic lions -- though vulnerable, is healthy.
Dr Titawi pointed out that the union is one of the biggest unions in the region and is member of the international union, and world to serve the journalists and issues of interest to the journalist in the region.
Service Employees International Union. "But employees who choose not to join a union have the same rights....
The conclusions were made by the most authoritative institutions in the sphere of environmental policy and appraisals, UNESCO's World Heritage Center and the International Union for Conservation (IUCN),an advisory body on natural heritage.
The RAME is the first regional assembly that was established within the International Union of Railways after the re-structuring of the International Union of Railways in 2006.
Muscat, Feb 12 (ONA)- Mohammed bin Khamis al A'raimi, Undersecretary of the Ministry of Environment and Climate Affairs received here today experts of the International Union for Conservation of Nature currently paying an official visit to the Sultanate from the International Union for Conservation of Nature to the member countries at the organization.
Journalist and Human Rights Activist Abdul-Hafiz Mujab was selected on Saturday as an ambassador for the International Union for Children Protection (IUCP) to Yemen The International Union for Children Protection is based in Palestine and selecting Abdul-Hafiz Mujab on his active contribution in the establishment of the first IUCP stages as well as preparing the action plan and program.
Summary: Rabat - Mohamed Rabie Khlie Director General of the National Office for Railways (ONCF), was elected president of the Regional Assembly of the International Union of Railways (UIC)- Africa.
The agreements include union employees represented by the International Brotherhood of Teamsters Local 305; the Service Employees International Union Local 49; the International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers Local 1005; and the International Union of Painters and Allied Trades Local 1094.
As a result, protection from overfishing is so poor that a third of pelagic (open ocean) sharks are threatened with extinction, according to the international Union for Conservation of Nature.
International Union of Electric Communication will held seminar :"Regulating, technical and economic aspects of the implementation of digital connection in the countries-members of Regional commonwealth in the connection sphere " in Kyrgyzstan on August 25-27.Representatives of the International Union of electric communication, states-members of Regional commonwealth in the connection sphere and the observer from the Lithuania will take part in the seminar, reported Kyrgyz National Agency of Connection on August 22.
June 10-15: World Conference: Health Promotion and Health Education; International Union for Health Promotion and Education (IUHPE); Vancouver;

Encyclopedia browser ?
Full browser ?