Internet backbone

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Internet backbone

(communications, networking)
High-speed networks that carry Internet traffic.

These communications networks are provided by companies such as AT&T, GTE, IBM, MCI, Netcom, Sprint, UUNET and consist of high-speed links in the T1, T3, OC1 and OC3 ranges. The backbones carry Internet traffic around the world and meet at Network Access Points (NAPs).

Internet Service Providers (ISPs) connect either directly to a backbone, or they connect to a larger ISP with a connection to a backbone.

The topology of the "backbone" and its interconnections may once have resembled a spine with ribs connected along its length but is now almost certainly more like a fishing net wrapped around the world with many circular paths.

Internet backbone

A communications network managed by a commercial company that provides the primary high-speed links across a country or region. Smaller ISPs are either connected directly to these backbones or to a larger regional ISP that is connected to one. The backbones themselves are interconnected at various access points called "NAPs." Major backbone providers worldwide include Level 3 Communications, NTT, GTT, Tata Communications, Telia Carrier, CenturyLink, AT&T, Verizon and Sprint. See NAP.
References in periodicals archive ?
Carriers, and ISPs can connect to the Teleglobe Internet backbone using access alternatives such as satellite or cable, leased line or local loop, Ethernet.
Asia Netcom, a wholly-owned subsidiary of China Netcom (NYSE:CN)(SEHK:0906), today announced that its Japan operation, Asia Netcom Japan, together with partners, Miyagi Networks and Frontiers, have successfully completed one of the world's first large scale trials of transmitting high-definition television (HDTV) over a shared Internet backbone.
The trial involved the transmission of HDTV content created by Miyagi Networks using Frontier's hardware over Asia Netcom Japan's Internet backbone between the Sendai area and Miyagi's CATV and media partners in the Tokyo area.
The company has built one of the largest Internet backbone networks in Japan, and between Japan and the United States.
Internap's patented intelligent route control technology and access to all the major Internet backbone providers make our data centers the premier facilities for hosting mission-critical applications.
Internap's advanced data center services give us immediate access to Internap's intelligent route control technology and multiple Internet backbones - allowing us to be highly responsive to our customers' needs," said Rick Boudrieau, CTO of Gryphon Networks.
AFS' Ethernet Internet Access service (EIA) provides Ethernet based connections to the Internet backbone with bandwidth rates starting at 10 Mbps up to GIG-E, with the customer able to choose their specific, custom bandwidth rate.
mediaport, which seamlessly links into the North American Internet backbone.
It rapidly caused so much Internet backbone congestion that Keynote saw the download time of major Internet Web sites slowed by 50% or more and saw availability of some of those sites drop approximately 10%.
It further enhances Hanaro's Internet backbone which already comprises multiple capacities to various countries.
AIH has delivered data services over its advanced, highly engineered Internet backbone for years, so providing VoIP services on that foundation is a logical next step for the company.
The service will leverage the A-Bone platform, an Internet backbone network that covers the Asia-pacific region.

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