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The transmission of a radio-frequency pulse, or combination of pulses, intended to trigger a transponder or group of transponders, a racon system, or an IFF system, in order to elicit an electromagnetic reply. Also known as challenging signal.



in criminal and civil proceedings, an investigation or judicial action that consists in the obtaining and recording of oral information, that is, evidence concerning circumstances that are important for a given case.

Soviet legislation stipulates that interrogation may be conducted only by legally authorized persons. At the stage of preliminary investigation, these persons are officials of agencies of inquiry, investigators, and procurators; at the stage of judicial examination and in civil procedure the court conducts the interrogation.

In the event that the persons interrogated do not speak the language in which the judicial proceedings are conducted, they are interrogated through an interpreter.

In the interrogation of children who have not attained the age of 14 (and in the interrogation of persons from 14 to 16 years of age, at the discretion of the interrogator) the participation of a teacher is mandatory. In addition to a teacher, parents or other legal representatives may also participate in the interrogation.

The Basic Principles of Criminal Procedure of the USSR and Union and Autonomous Republics of 1958 (art. 14) prohibits the seeking of evidence by force, threat, or other illegal measures. The use of illegal measures of interrogation is recognized by law to be a crime against the administration of justice (art. 179, Criminal Code of the RSFSR and articles of the criminal codes of other Union Republics).

At the stage of preliminary investigation, a record of each interrogation is drawn up. An interrogation conducted during a judicial investigation is recorded in the minutes of the court session.

In the legislation of contemporary bourgeois states, democratic principles of interrogation are formally proclaimed, for example, voluntary testifying, prohibition of the use offeree and other methods of intimidation, and the right of the accused to testify in the presence of his attorney. In practice, these norms are often violated. The police frequently resort to methods of interrogation involving the use of coercion and force, called “third-degree interrogation.” In the USA, for example, various “special” measures of coercion are used during interrogations, including “truth serums,” which weaken the will and dull the consciousness of the interrogated, and lie detectors, which are supposedly able to distinguish between true and false testimony. The stipulations in legislation that these methods may be used only with the consent of the interrogated are purely a formality since the refusal of the interrogated to give his consent is interpreted as proof of his guilt and of the falseness of his testimony.


The transmission of a radio signal or a combination of signals intended to trigger a transponder or group of transponders.
References in periodicals archive ?
The above are some of the standard features of interrogation at the interrogation facility run by the Israel Agency (ISA) at Shikma Prison in Ashkelon, southern Israel.
early calls for recording interrogations and to the problematic
The Ethics of Interrogation may sound like a philosophical discussion.
While the agency said its interrogation techniques had repeatedly "saved lives," congressional investigators found no evidence of any specific incidents.
Shortly after the attacks on 11 September 2001, the CIA drew up a list of new interrogation techniques that included sleep deprivation, slapping, subjection to cold, and "waterboarding".
The CIA has claimed throughout its defense of the program that these coercive interrogations "saved lives" -- the most significant point the Senate committee refutes in its report.
The CIA's management of coercive interrogations and its system of ''black site'' prisons was ''deeply flawed.
President Obama, who bears responsibility for the lingering secrecy about CIA interrogations because of his decision when he took office to conduct no investigation, should focus his administration's efforts not on investigating leaks but on expediting public disclosure of the Senate report.
Requiring recorded interrogations was a suggestion of the 2010 Timothy Cole Advisory Panel on Wrongful Convictions, which made policy recommendations based on its review of overturned convictions.
Despite the significance of interrogations, competing interests--such as heavy caseloads and extra administrative requirements--often lead to reduced CID and MPI emphasis on interrogation.
The Israeli authorities' interrogation of Palestinian minors is often done within the framework of arbitrary arrest, as interrogations mainly focus on the minors' participation in non-violent demonstrations, said Euromid statement.
In any criminal investigation, all the interrogations are conducted keeping in mind the allegations made in the FIR.