training

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training

(1) Teaching the details of a subject. With regard to software, training provides instruction for each command and function in an application. Contrast with education.

(2) In communications, the process by which two modems determine the correct protocols and transmission speeds to use.

(3) In voice recognition systems, the recording of the user's voice in order to provide samples and patterns for recognizing that voice.

Training

 

in fruit growing and ornamental horticulture, imparting a certain shape to the crowns of trees. The crowns of fruit trees and shrubs are made light-permeable, sturdy, and compact to ensure high yields and convenience in managing, cultivation, and harvesting (by mechanized means). Crown shapes are classified as high-trunk (taller than 150 cm), average trunk (70–100 cm), low-trunk (50–60 cm), shrub (shorter than 40 cm), and trunkless (berry bushes and, sometimes, plum, cherry, and certain spreading forms). Depending on the arrangement of the branches, the crowns may be free-growing (improved-natural) or artificial.

Most common in fruit-growing is the free-growing crown, in the formation of which the natural growth of the tree or shrub is only slightly disrupted. Free-growing crowns include the whorled-layered crown whose principal skeletal branches are arranged in whorls of five in two or three layers, and the thinned-layered crown whose skeletal branches are arranged in layers of three, with solitary branches between them. Artificial crown shapes are used in topiary work and in ornamental horticulture. In beautifying city streets trees are usually trained to have a high trunk (up to 2 m) and a spherical crown. In parks trees are often trained in the form of geometric shapes, vases, and animals. Training is usually begun in plant nurseries and completed at the permanent planting site. The principal method of tree training is pruning.

REFERENCES

See references under PRUNING FRUIT AND BERRY PLANTS.

B. P. ANZIN

References in periodicals archive ?
I was back in the gym with Stacey on Friday for some punch bag work, highintensity interval training on the bike and a circuit of core exercises.
e stop/start nature of the game and direction change is a fun way to introduce interval training with a dierence to your workouts - great for improving [euro]tness levels and increasing fat loss.
Yet he and other researchers report that study participants find interval training more enjoyable than continuous aerobic exercise, making it more likely that people will continue on their own.
High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT), which alternates all-out effort with recovery periods, jumped 28 per cent and CrossFit, a demanding, back-to-basics regimen, was up 15 per cent.
TEHRAN (FNA)- High Intensity Interval Training, or HIIT, which has successfully sprinted from the playing fields of professional athletes to the fitness centers of everyday exercisers, may be coming to a cubicle near you.
During the first 2 years of the study, 43 patients had been randomly assigned to either continuous/moderate intensity training or interval training that alternated between low and vigorous intensity
A: Interval training at its heart is just alternating periods of relatively intense exercise with periods of rest or light exercise for recovery.
Researchers led by Christian Dall, PhD fellow MSc, of the Bispebjerg Hospital at the University of Copenhagen in Denmark, investigated whether people who have received a new heart gain similar benefits from high-intensity interval training, or whether they should exercise at moderate intensity is currently recommended.
We've teamed up with Anchor Bay Entertainment to give away 100 copies of their latest title - 10 Minute Solution - [HIIT] High Intensity Interval Training.
Tabata focuses on interval training and is designed to give a total body workout in 30 minutes.
She also talked about how keeps herself in shape and said that finding the time is hard but she is much better at focusing before a holiday, so she goes to the gym three days a week to do weights and interval training and has just taken up reformer Pilates.
LJMU said 89 rats and mice were used in investigations into the effects of programmed endurance and sprint interval training in a mouse hind limb muscle.