interview

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interview

a method of collecting social data at the INDIVIDUAL LEVEL. This face-to-face method ensures a higher RESPONSE RATE than POSTAL QUESTIONNAIRES, but can introduce INTERVIEWER BIAS by the effect different interviewers have on the quality VALIDITY and RELIABILITY of the data so collected.

Interviews may be structured, with the interviewer asking set questions and the respondents’ replies being immediately categorized. This format allows ease of analysis and less possibility of interviewer bias, but the data will not be as ‘rich’ as that elicited by an unstructured design (and may be subject to problems such as MEASUREMENT BY FIAT – see also CICOUREL). Unstructured interviews are desirable when the initial exploration of an area is being made, and hypotheses for further investigation being generated, or when the depth of the data required is more important than ease of analysis. See QUALITATIVE RESEARCH and QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES.

References in periodicals archive ?
The most successful element of the project has been the breadth of our interviewees.
La meme etude ayant pour theme la violence fondee sur le genre social en milieu de travail et dont les resultats ont ete presentes jeudi au siege de l'UGTT lors d'une conference organisee a l'occasion de la journee internationale de la femme a demontre que 68% des femmes interviewees ont ete victimes de violence economique, 30% ont ete victimes de harcelement sexuel et 26% ont subi une violence physique.
As for Korean, South African and Canadian interviewees, they all agreed that it is a waste of time to line up just to get a simple snack like ice cream or popcorn.
In these interviews, interviewers ask job-specific questions or give a policy-driven task for the interviewee to accomplish with the purpose of assessing the overall abilities of the interviewee without knowing any of their background information.
The author's well-informed and sensitive questioning elicits painful memories and mentally transports some interviewees to their childhood.
Personally, I prefer newspaper interviews by seasoned reporters who know how to get the best out of an interviewee.
Interviewee Dr Awan cited rehabilitation programmes in Denmark that have been "successful in terms of policing and making sure returnee fighters are looking for jobs and contributing towards society".
In contrast, members of the security sector and a minority of interviewees from politics and industry regard "surveillance as being something that is targeted against a particular agent--somebody who does something for a purpose that is tied to security" (Interviewee 4, Sec).
Overall, eleven interviews were conducted with university academics from the two universities, with the positions of these interviewees ranging from Lecturer to Head of Department.
The best interviewees understand the media with whom they are speaking and their target audience.
That said, in most cases, interviewees reflected that work undertaken to date was not dissimilar to that which had been undertaken prior to the launch of SCC.
The first interviewees were identified through desk research (Gil, 2002) and the others through statements made in the interviews, which we brought to an end once they became repetitive (Baldin & Munhoz, 2011).