Ascaris lumbricoides, Trichuris trichiura, and hookworms (Necator americanus and Ancylostoma duodenale) which infect humans are considered soil-transmitted helminths (STHs).
In humans, 1.5 billion people are infected with soil-transmitted helminths (or intestinal nematodes
) that persist in the intestine as adult worms for a prolonged period of time , filarial nematodes are tissue-dwelling parasites of more than 150 million people , while blood flukes (schistosomes) infect about 240 million people worldwide and induce chronic systemic and liver disease .
IgG-ELISA showing immuno-reactivity (a) and cross reactivity (b) of the goat sera with recombinant antigen EgAgB8/1 (Hd--Hydatid positive sera, N--Healthy goat sera (Negative control), GIN--Gastro intestinal nematodes
, Tn-Taenia hydatigena positive sera)
Pereira, "Prevalence of intestinal nematodes
in alcoholic patients," Revista da Sociedade Brasileira de Medicina Tropical, vol.
Occurrence of Gastro Intestinal Nematodes
of Cattle in and Around Gondar Town, Amhara Regional State, Ethiopia.
We found 1,309 parasites (lung pentastomids, n = 22; gastric nematodes, n = 181; intestinal nematodes
, n = 81; intestinal trematodes, n = 1,025) in concomitance with 100% parasite prevalence among TX alligators.
Alternative staining using extracts of hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis L.) and red beet (Beta vulgaris L.) in diagnosing ova of intestinal nematodes
(Trichuristrichiura and Ascarislumbricoides).
The stem bark extract of Acacia oxyphylla against Ascaridia galli (Nematode), seeds of Carum capticum against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep, aqueous and ethanolic leaf extract of Adhatoda vasica has been observed for ovicidal as well as larvicidal activity against nematodes, leaves of Artimesiabervifolia (wormwood) and Zanthxylumzanthoxyloides (Fagara a native tree from Africa) in the form of powder has been proved effective upto 65% against eggs of Haemonchuscontortus in abomasum, hay of Cassava forage has been proved effective against eggs and larva of abomasal and intestinal nematodes
of sheep and goats,
A study from Brazil found a higher incidence of intestinal nematodes
in patients with tuberculosis compared to those without.4
Seasonal Activity of Gastro- Intestinal Nematodes
in Goats in Burdur Region, Turkey.
Guyatt, "Do intestinal nematodes
affect productivity in adulthood?" Parasitology Today, vol.
. In: Kasper Dl, Braunwald E, Pauci AS, Hauser SL, Longn DL, Jameson JL, eds.