Intracoastal Waterway

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Intracoastal Waterway,

c.3,000 mi (4,827 km) long, partly natural, partly artificial, providing sheltered passage for commercial and leisure boats along the U.S. Atlantic coast from Boston, Mass. to Key West, S Fla., and along the Gulf of Mexico coast from Apalachee Bay, NW Fla., to Brownsville, Tex., on the Rio Grande. The toll-free waterway, authorized by Congress in 1919, is maintained by the Army Corps of Engineers at a minimum depth of 12 ft (4 m) for most of its length; some parts have 7-ft (2.1-m) and 9-ft (2.7-m) minimum depths. Among some of the waterway's most often used canals along the Atlantic route are the Chesapeake & Delaware and the Chesapeake & Albemarle; along the Gulf route the most used are the New Orleans–Rigolets Cut, the Port Arthur–Corpus Christi Channel, and the Inner Harbor Navigational Canal at New Orleans. The separate Okeechobee Waterway, S Fla., crosses the Florida peninsula. Plans to build a canal across N Florida to link the Atlantic and Gulf sections were blocked in 1971 by a presidential order to prevent potential environmental damage. Many miles of navigable waterways connect with the coastal system, including the Hudson River–New York State Canal System, the Chesapeake Bay, the sounds of North Carolina, the Savannah River, the Apalachicola River, and the entire Mississippi River system. The Intracoastal Waterway has a good deal of commercial activity; barges haul petroleum, petroleum products, foodstuffs, building materials, and manufactured goods.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Intracoastal Waterway


a system of canalized water routes along the shore of the Gulf of Mexico and the Atlantic Ocean in the USA.

The channel consists of two branches divided by the Florida peninsula: the Gulf branch, from Brownsville, Texas, to Apalachicola, Florida, and the Atlantic branch, from Boston to Miami, Florida. It is 2.85–3.66 m deep in the main sections, and it is accessible to sea vessels in certain portions. The main cargoes transported along the Gulf waterway, the more important of the two, are oil and oil products, metal pipes, and sulfur. Wood pulp, paper, and oil products are transported along the Atlantic branch. The channel is used for coastal transport.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

Intracoastal Waterway

[¦in·trə′kōst·əl ′wȯd·ər‚wā]
An inside protected route extending through New Jersey; from Norfolk, Virginia, to Key West, Florida; across Florida from St. Lucie Inlet to Fort Myers, Charlotte Harbor, Tampa Bay, and Tarpon Springs; and from Carabelle, Florida, to Brownsville, Texas.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific & Technical Terms, 6E, Copyright © 2003 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
References in periodicals archive ?
The pumping stations are used to maintain a specific water level, as they pump the excess water out of the lakes and reservoirs into the intra-coastal waterway.
27 on the eastern edge of the project, and eight 42-inch flapgated culverts were installed on the Intra-coastal Waterway on the north.
It operates primarily on the US inland and intra-coastal waterway systems and its assets include about 49,000 miles of pipelines; 250m barrels of storage capacity for NGLs, crude oil, refined products and petrochemicals; and 14bn cu ft of natural gas storage capacity.
It is believed the world's top golfer met the full asking price of PS6.7million for the newly-built six-bedroom home overlooking the intra-coastal waterway in Palm Beach Gardens.
FORT LAUDERDALE: pounds 789pp Greater Fort Lauderdale has 23 miles of Blue Wave certified beaches and more than 300 miles of inland waterways that run from the Intra-coastal Waterway to the Everglades.
Also, this part of the river is diverse with sand and grass flats north and south of the inlet, a series of spoil islands along the Intra-coastal Waterway channel, and countless docks on the west shoreline of the river.
Seatrout of all sizes are a cinch over Intra-coastal Waterway flats and spoils from Stuart north to Vera.
Funnily enough, it wasn't even the most expensive yacht or stunningly magnificent house that we passed as we chugged along the Intra-coastal Waterway that separates the sandy beaches of Fort Lauderdale from the shopping centres downtown.
Numerous creeks off the Intra-coastal Waterway throughout our region hold redfish, trout, flounder and black drum.

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