Those women whose husbands' performance was a main source of tension adopted strategies such as introjection
or silence to reduce or control tensions; their mental pressures increased.
The aforementioned variants of internalized extrinsic motivation (i.e., introjection
, identification, and integration) are encompassed by SDT, which suggests that the satisfaction of basic psychological needs for competence, autonomy, and relatedness is necessary for both intrinsic motivation and internalization (which in its fullest form is integration) (e.g., Baumeister & Leary, 1995; Reis, Sheldon, Gable, Roscoe, & Ryan, 2000).
Finally, we calculated Pearson's r to quantify the magnitude and direction of the relationship between subjects' scores for each factor and their scores on the CRIS introjection
and identification subscales.
We have already discussed the way that the Interaction Order can be used to explain the actual mechanisms of introjection
of the castrating father and the formation of the superego and the ego-ideal.
For Ferenczi, introjection
involves multiple, interlocking elements: "extension of autoerotic interests"; "broadening of the ego through the removal of repression"; and, further, the extension of the ego to the external world (ibid, 112).
As summarized by Abraham and Torok, introjection
, or "casting aside," is the process in child development by which words come to replace the maternal object.
A person may do sport for extrinsic incentives, such as external regulation, where the motives are to obtain recognition from others, to avoid feelings of guilt that would accompany non-participation (introjection
), because they consider the activity important even though they do not necessarily get any enjoyment from it (identification), or because physical activity and sport are considered to be part of a healthy lifestyle (integrated regulation).
Nelle parole di Maria Torok: "A commemorative monument, the incorporated object marks the place, the date, the circumstances in which such-and-such a desire was barred from the introjection
: like so many tombs in the life of the Self." (20)
In the Berlin section of his 1963 travelogue Thrilling Cities, he tells us, "From this grim capital went forth the orders that in 1916 killed my father and in 1940 my youngest brother," while in Thunderball we hear that the malevolent Blofeld's charisma "is of the same unbounded kind that alone explains how Hitler could have enthralled 'the most gifted nation in Europe.'" Mourning becomes melancholia, and the process of introjection
entails the swallowing whole of losses that cannot be consciously acknowledged.
Extrinsic motivations range from an external to internal locus of causality corresponding with a continuum of regulation representing four areas: external regulation, introjection
, identification, and integration.