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see EskimoEskimo
, a general term used to refer to a number of groups inhabiting the coastline from the Bering Sea to Greenland and the Chukchi Peninsula in NE Siberia. A number of distinct groups, based on differences in patterns of resource exploitation, are commonly identified,
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Inuit (Eskimo)


In 1976, Joseph Bloom and Richard Gelardin conducted a study of the dreams of the Eskimo (Inuit) people in which a ghost or a spirit appeared. They noted this occurred most often when the dreamer was just falling asleep or just waking up. They were unaware of the widespread occurrence of hallucinating while in a state of semi-arousal and sleep paralysis. They recognized the Inuit experiences as nightmares and linked their sleep paralysis to Arctic hysteria, labeling both as “non-empirical.”

Dreams are an integral part of the Inuit shamanic tradition and are closely associated to the initiatory calling; dreams of dismemberment, death, and rebirth are thought to be a calling to the dreamer to become a shaman. In other instances, they are called, in the dream, by an animal spirit who possesses the dreamer. The dreamer then awakens and proceeds to wander naked through the wilderness, grappling with the spirit for control of the body. Eventually, the dreamer will gain control over the spirit—a victory they mark by the making of a drum—and once again return to their people and start the training as a shaman initiate.

The Dream Encyclopedia, Second Edition © 2009 Visible Ink Press®. All rights reserved.


, Innuit
any of several Native peoples of N America or Greenland, as distinguished from those from Asia or the Aleutian Islands (who are still generally referred to as Eskimos); the preferred term for Eskimo in N America
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
In summer, Inuit gathered berries and travelled inland from the coast to hunt caribou for skins indispensible to tailoring clothing while whalers pursued the final bowheads leaving Cumberland Sound.
Igloliorte notes that Labrador Inuit differ from Inuit elsewhere in the country in some significant respects.
Counsellors working in Canada's North should educate themselves on the history of Inuit culture to understand the social and environmental factors affecting their clients.
Many Inuit are now Christians, and the idea of having a non-confirming gender identity or sexual orientation is still quite taboo.
"In a multicultural city such as Toronto, this sculpture will create opportunities for dialogue about Inuit art and culture--and we at York are delighted to be part of this important conversation."
Most fundamentally, it is a name given to Inuit by outsiders rather than a self-designation, and it has come to be considered pejorative in some, though certainly not all, contexts.
As I continue my work on the issue of Inuit rights to the Arctic, my guiding principles are that Inuit must be equal partners in decision-making in the Arctic, resource development must promote the health of Inuit communities, and the environment must be protected.
Synopsis: Inuit hunting traditions are rich in perceptions, practices and stories relating to animals and human beings.