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see EskimoEskimo
, a general term used to refer to a number of groups inhabiting the coastline from the Bering Sea to Greenland and the Chukchi Peninsula in NE Siberia. A number of distinct groups, based on differences in patterns of resource exploitation, are commonly identified,
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Inuit (Eskimo)


In 1976, Joseph Bloom and Richard Gelardin conducted a study of the dreams of the Eskimo (Inuit) people in which a ghost or a spirit appeared. They noted this occurred most often when the dreamer was just falling asleep or just waking up. They were unaware of the widespread occurrence of hallucinating while in a state of semi-arousal and sleep paralysis. They recognized the Inuit experiences as nightmares and linked their sleep paralysis to Arctic hysteria, labeling both as “non-empirical.”

Dreams are an integral part of the Inuit shamanic tradition and are closely associated to the initiatory calling; dreams of dismemberment, death, and rebirth are thought to be a calling to the dreamer to become a shaman. In other instances, they are called, in the dream, by an animal spirit who possesses the dreamer. The dreamer then awakens and proceeds to wander naked through the wilderness, grappling with the spirit for control of the body. Eventually, the dreamer will gain control over the spirit—a victory they mark by the making of a drum—and once again return to their people and start the training as a shaman initiate.


, Innuit
any of several Native peoples of N America or Greenland, as distinguished from those from Asia or the Aleutian Islands (who are still generally referred to as Eskimos); the preferred term for Eskimo in N America
References in periodicals archive ?
Inuits on Broughton Island have the highest levels of PCBs (polychlorinated biphenyls) ever found, except among victims of industrial accidents.
Since then the firm has exported around 30 kayaks to Inuits at discounted rates.
In August 2012, the federal government unveiled a monument consisting of three separate plaques, each in English and lnuktitut marking an apology that was issued in 2005 by the Government of Newfoundland and Labrador to the Inuit of the former Nutak and Hebron communities, closed in 1956 and 1959, respectively.
And yet this is precisely the educational environment faced by Inuit parents and students in the traditional territory- and province-nm school systems.
Poor living conditions in the years following World War II gave rise to the involvement of the Canadian government in housing the Inuit of the Eastern Arctic.
Modernization was accompanied by rising suicide rates among Inuit in Alaska, Greenland and Nunavut in Canada, sociologist Jack Hicks reports in Indigenous Affairs, Jan.
He says his organization is trying to give young Inuit "a voice" and a creative outlet by teaching them media and filmmaking skills.
Inuits ran several teams using traditional wooden sleds called komatiks.
Noire Ikalukjuaq, the mayor of Arctic Bay, said he knew no word in the Inuit language for the insect.
The cover, featuring a small Inuit face peering out soberly, even fearfully, from a fur hood, is perfect for this tale based on the sad experiences of a real-life Inuit boy.
We've bounced from Esquimaux to Eskimo to Husky to Innuit to Inuits to Innu, all the while having our relations with the federal government managed by a department of Indian Affairs
Men in northern climates who aren't Inuit don't have the low rates of prostate cancer seen in the Inuits in this study.