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(ĭn'vərnĕs`), town (1991 pop. 39,736), Highland, N Scotland, on the Moray Firth at the mouth of the Ness River. "Capital of the Highlands," it is a seaport and transportation center due to its proximity to the river and the Caledonian Canal, completed in 1812. The town has diverse light industries, including printing, food processing, distilling, wool weaving, and shipbuilding, in addition to a herring fishery. Electrical and mechanical products and automobile parts are also manufactured. Inverness holds an annual cattle and wool market.

An ancient town, it is thought to have been a PictPicts,
ancient inhabitants of central and N Scotland, of uncertain origin. First mentioned (A.D. 297) by the Roman writer Eumenius as northern invaders of Roman Britain, they were probably descendants of late Bronze Age and early Iron Age invaders of Britain.
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 stronghold. The castle, reputedly built under Malcolm III (late 11th cent.), was involved in many wars and was blown up by the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 in 1746. A new castle was built in 1835. Frequent invasions have destroyed most of the town's old buildings. Cromwell's Fort was demolished at the Restoration by Charles II. Inverness, a thriving tourist center, has a museum of Highland relics and hosts an annual Highland Gathering.


former county, Scotland: see Inverness-shireInverness-shire
or Inverness,
former county, NW Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Inverness-shire was divided in 1975 between the new Highland region and Western Isles island authority (now both council areas).
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coat with cape; emblem of Sherlock Holmes. [Br. Costume and Lit.: Espy, 267]


a city in N Scotland, administrative centre of Highland: tourism and specialized engineering. Pop.: 40 949 (2001)
References in periodicals archive ?
The most prominent being Harbour Gait, which is the name given to the land held under the Port's ownership around Inverness Marina as well as the extensive area of foreshore that extends from Inverness Marina out to and beyond the Kessock Bridge.
Today is a momentous day - Inverness joins Aberdeen, Glasgow, Edinburgh, Leeds, Manchester and Newcastle with a route into Heathrow and access to markets from Manila to Mexico City, from Chicago to Chengdu, from Hanoi to Houston.
Ancora and Inverness will join their respective family wealth practices into a single business unit called Ancora Inverness.
Inverness 1, Raith 0 John Hughes watched his side dominate Rovers but only had Daniel Devine's header to show for their efforts.
Having also worKed with Butcher at Brentford, the 46-year-old has helped taKe Inverness to second place in the top flight and to the semi-finals of the League Cup for the second season running.
Chairman Rod Petrie said: "We are grateful to Inverness Caledonian Thistle for the professional and courteous way in which the discussions between the clubs have been conducted.
Premier Inn Inverness West features 76 bedrooms, and lies on the outskirts of Inverness, just a five minute drive away from the town centre.
Chester's chief executive, Bob Gray, said last night: "The Inverness manager, Craig Brewster, contacted us and asked if Tony could spend some time with them.
Inverness already has a minority share interest in BBI and has been a key strategic partner in its aggressive acquisition strategy over the last few years.
The Royal Scottish Pipe Band Association has announced that one of the biggest massed pipes and KW drums band ever seen in the Highlands will provide the climax to next month's European Pipe Band Championships at Bught Park, Inverness, on July 28.
A new Saturday service from Birmingham International Airport to Inverness in the Scottish Highlands is being launched by Eastern Airways.
UNITED were unfortunate not to snatch a winner five minutes from time as Inverness keeper Mark Brown produced a wonder save from Barry Robson.