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(ĭn'vərnĕs`), town (1991 pop. 39,736), Highland, N Scotland, on the Moray Firth at the mouth of the Ness River. "Capital of the Highlands," it is a seaport and transportation center due to its proximity to the river and the Caledonian Canal, completed in 1812. The town has diverse light industries, including printing, food processing, distilling, wool weaving, and shipbuilding, in addition to a herring fishery. Electrical and mechanical products and automobile parts are also manufactured. Inverness holds an annual cattle and wool market.

An ancient town, it is thought to have been a PictPicts,
ancient inhabitants of central and N Scotland, of uncertain origin. First mentioned (A.D. 297) by the Roman writer Eumenius as northern invaders of Roman Britain, they were probably descendants of late Bronze Age and early Iron Age invaders of Britain.
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 stronghold. The castle, reputedly built under Malcolm III (late 11th cent.), was involved in many wars and was blown up by the JacobitesJacobites
, adherents of the exiled branch of the house of Stuart who sought to restore James II and his descendants to the English and Scottish thrones after the Glorious Revolution of 1688. They take their name from the Latin form (Jacobus) of the name James.
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 in 1746. A new castle was built in 1835. Frequent invasions have destroyed most of the town's old buildings. Cromwell's Fort was demolished at the Restoration by Charles II. Inverness, a thriving tourist center, has a museum of Highland relics and hosts an annual Highland Gathering.


former county, Scotland: see Inverness-shireInverness-shire
or Inverness,
former county, NW Scotland. Under the Local Government Act of 1973, Inverness-shire was divided in 1975 between the new Highland region and Western Isles island authority (now both council areas).
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coat with cape; emblem of Sherlock Holmes. [Br. Costume and Lit.: Espy, 267]
Allusions—Cultural, Literary, Biblical, and Historical: A Thematic Dictionary. Copyright 2008 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.


a city in N Scotland, administrative centre of Highland: tourism and specialized engineering. Pop.: 40 949 (2001)
Collins Discovery Encyclopedia, 1st edition © HarperCollins Publishers 2005
References in periodicals archive ?
"As well as bringing job opportunities to the local area, the hotel is sure to benefit existing local businesses as well as Inverness Airport and the Inverness Airport Business Park."
Nicklas was Women's Club of Inverness's founder and first president.
Cove journey north on July 23 to take on Inverness in the highland capital.
Departures from Inverness airport do not have Air Passenger Duty (APD), which also benefits the route.
Shepherd said: "Those results against Alloa and Inverness show what we are capable of.
As well as renewable energy, Inverness was selected by Variety Cruises as the northern base for their vessel Variety Voyager for the 2018 cruise season.
But he said: "I can't afford to think about what a Hearts win would mean for Inverness.
Ancora and Inverness will join their respective family wealth practices into a single business unit called Ancora Inverness.
Just as at Inverness, where former Town striKer Duncan Shearer is in caretaKer charge, Marsella will combine chief scout and goalKeeping coach duties at the Edinburgh club, where he has signed a two-and-a-half year contract.
A statement from the club read: "Hibernian FC today confirmed that compensation has been agreed with Inverness Caledonian Thistle FC.
Inverness v Celtic 12pm Saturday, live on ESPN INVERNESS defeated Celtic in the league at Parkhead this season - a coupon-busting 0-1 - but may face a backlash on their own turf.